Change log


Change log#

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jax 0.4.31#

  • Changes

    • The minimum NumPy version is now 1.24.

jaxlib 0.4.31#

  • Bug fixes

    • Fixed a bug that meant that negative static_argnums to a jit were mishandled by the jit dispatch fast path.

jax 0.4.30 (June 18, 2024)#

  • Changes

    • JAX supports ml_dtypes >= 0.2. In 0.4.29 release, the ml_dtypes version was bumped to 0.4.0 but this has been rolled back in this release to give users of both TensorFlow and JAX more time to migrate to a newer TensorFlow release.

    • jax.experimental.mesh_utils can now create an efficient mesh for TPU v5e.

    • jax now depends on jaxlib directly. This change was enabled by the CUDA plugin switch: there are no longer multiple jaxlib variants. You can install a CPU-only jax with pip install jax, no extras required.

    • Added an API for exporting and serializing JAX functions. This used to exist in jax.experimental.export (which is being deprecated), and will now live in jax.export. See the documentation.

  • Deprecations

    • Internal pretty-printing tools jax.core.pp_* are deprecated, and will be removed in a future release.

    • Hashing of tracers is deprecated, and will lead to a TypeError in a future JAX release. This previously was the case, but there was an inadvertent regression in the last several JAX releases.

    • jax.experimental.export is deprecated. Use jax.export instead. See the migration guide.

    • Passing an array in place of a dtype is now deprecated in most cases; e.g. for arrays x and y, x.astype(y) will raise a warning. To silence it use x.astype(y.dtype).

    • jax.xla_computation is deprecated and will be removed in a future release. Please use the AOT APIs to get the same functionality as jax.xla_computation.

      • jax.xla_computation(fn)(*args, **kwargs) can be replaced with jax.jit(fn).lower(*args, **kwargs).compiler_ir('hlo').

      • You can also use .out_info property of jax.stages.Lowered to get the output information (like tree structure, shape and dtype).

      • For cross-backend lowering, you can replace jax.xla_computation(fn, backend='tpu')(*args, **kwargs) with jax.jit(fn).trace(*args, **kwargs).lower(lowering_platforms=('tpu',)).compiler_ir('hlo').

jaxlib 0.4.30 (June 18, 2024)#

  • Support for monolithic CUDA jaxlibs has been dropped. You must use the plugin-based installation (pip install jax[cuda12] or pip install jax[cuda12_local]).

jax 0.4.29 (June 10, 2024)#

  • Changes

    • We anticipate that this will be the last release of JAX and jaxlib supporting a monolithic CUDA jaxlib. Future releases will use the CUDA plugin jaxlib (e.g. pip install jax[cuda12]).

    • JAX now requires ml_dtypes version 0.4.0 or newer.

    • Removed backwards-compatibility support for old usage of the jax.experimental.export API. It is not possible anymore to use from jax.experimental.export import export, and instead you should use from jax.experimental import export. The removed functionality has been deprecated since 0.4.24.

    • Added is_leaf argument to jax.tree.all() & jax.tree_util.tree_all().

  • Deprecations

    • jax.sharding.XLACompatibleSharding is deprecated. Please use jax.sharding.Sharding.

    • jax.experimental.Exported.in_shardings has been renamed as jax.experimental.Exported.in_shardings_hlo. Same for out_shardings. The old names will be removed after 3 months.

    • Removed a number of previously-deprecated APIs:

      • from jax.core: non_negative_dim, DimSize, Shape

      • from jax.lax: tie_in

      • from jax.nn: normalize

      • from jax.interpreters.xla: backend_specific_translations, translations, register_translation, xla_destructure, TranslationRule, TranslationContext, XlaOp.

    • The tol argument of jax.numpy.linalg.matrix_rank() is being deprecated and will soon be removed. Use rtol instead.

    • The rcond argument of jax.numpy.linalg.pinv() is being deprecated and will soon be removed. Use rtol instead.

    • The deprecated jax.config submodule has been removed. To configure JAX use import jax and then reference the config object via jax.config.

    • jax.random APIs no longer accept batched keys, where previously some did unintentionally. Going forward, we recommend explicit use of jax.vmap() in such cases.

    • In jax.scipy.special.beta(), the x and y parameters have been renamed to a and b for consistency with other beta APIs.

  • New Functionality

    • Added jax.experimental.Exported.in_shardings_jax() to construct shardings that can be used with the JAX APIs from the HloShardings that are stored in the Exported objects.

jaxlib 0.4.29 (June 10, 2024)#

  • Bug fixes

    • Fixed a bug where XLA sharded some concatenation operations incorrectly, which manifested as an incorrect output for cumulative reductions (#21403).

    • Fixed a bug where XLA:CPU miscompiled certain matmul fusions (

    • Fixes a compiler crash on GPU (

  • Deprecations

    •, None, non-None) now emits a DeprecationWarning, and will raise an error in a future version of jax. None is only a tree-prefix of itself. To preserve the current behavior, you can ask to treat None as a leaf value by writing: x, y: None if x is None else f(x, y), a, b, is_leaf=lambda x: x is None).

jax 0.4.28 (May 9, 2024)#

  • Bug fixes

    • Reverted a change to make_jaxpr that was breaking Equinox (#21116).

  • Deprecations & removals

  • Changes

    • The minimum jaxlib version of this release is 0.4.27.

jaxlib 0.4.28 (May 9, 2024)#

  • Bug fixes

    • Fixes a memory corruption bug in the type name of Array and JIT Python objects in Python 3.10 or earlier.

    • Fixed a warning '+ptx84' is not a recognized feature for this target under CUDA 12.4.

    • Fixed a slow compilation problem on CPU.

  • Changes

    • The Windows build is now built with Clang instead of MSVC.

jax 0.4.27 (May 7, 2024)#

  • New Functionality

    • Added jax.numpy.unstack() and jax.numpy.cumulative_sum(), following their addition in the array API 2023 standard, soon to be adopted by NumPy.

    • Added a new config option jax_cpu_collectives_implementation to select the implementation of cross-process collective operations used by the CPU backend. Choices available are 'none'(default), 'gloo' and 'mpi' (requires jaxlib 0.4.26). If set to 'none', cross-process collective operations are disabled.

  • Changes

    • jax.pure_callback(), jax.experimental.io_callback() and jax.debug.callback() now use jax.Array instead of np.ndarray. You can recover the old behavior by transforming the arguments via, args) before passing them to the callback.

    • complex_arr.astype(bool) now follows the same semantics as NumPy, returning False where complex_arr is equal to 0 + 0j, and True otherwise.

    • core.Token now is a non-trivial class which wraps a jax.Array. It could be created and threaded in and out of computations to build up dependency. The singleton object core.token has been removed, users now should create and use fresh core.Token objects instead.

    • On GPU, the Threefry PRNG implementation no longer lowers to a kernel call by default. This choice can improve runtime memory usage at a compile-time cost. Prior behavior, which produces a kernel call, can be recovered with jax.config.update('jax_threefry_gpu_kernel_lowering', True). If the new default causes issues, please file a bug. Otherwise, we intend to remove this flag in a future release.

  • Deprecations & Removals

    • Pallas now exclusively uses XLA for compiling kernels on GPU. The old lowering pass via Triton Python APIs has been removed and the JAX_TRITON_COMPILE_VIA_XLA environment variable no longer has any effect.

    • jax.numpy.clip() has a new argument signature: a, a_min, and a_max are deprecated in favor of x (positional only), min, and max (#20550).

    • The device() method of JAX arrays has been removed, after being deprecated since JAX v0.4.21. Use arr.devices() instead.

    • The initial argument to jax.nn.softmax() and jax.nn.log_softmax() is deprecated; empty inputs to softmax are now supported without setting this.

    • In jax.jit(), passing invalid static_argnums or static_argnames now leads to an error rather than a warning.

    • The minimum jaxlib version is now 0.4.23.

    • The jax.numpy.hypot() function now issues a deprecation warning when passing complex-valued inputs to it. This will raise an error when the deprecation is completed.

    • Scalar arguments to jax.numpy.nonzero(), jax.numpy.where(), and related functions now raise an error, following a similar change in NumPy.

    • The config option jax_cpu_enable_gloo_collectives is deprecated. Use jax.config.update('jax_cpu_collectives_implementation', 'gloo') instead.

    • The jax.Array.device_buffer and jax.Array.device_buffers methods have been removed after being deprecated in JAX v0.4.22. Instead use jax.Array.addressable_shards and jax.Array.addressable_data().

    • The condition, x, and y parameters of jax.numpy.where are now positional-only, following deprecation of the keywords in JAX v0.4.21.

    • Non-array arguments to functions in jax.lax.linalg now must be specified by keyword. Previously, this raised a DeprecationWarning.

    • Array-like arguments are now required in several :func:jax.numpy APIs, including apply_along_axis(), apply_over_axes(), inner(), outer(), cross(), kron(), and lexsort().

  • Bug fixes

    • jax.numpy.astype() will now always return a copy when copy=True. Previously, no copy would be made when the output array would have the same dtype as the input array. This may result in some increased memory usage. The default value is set to copy=False to preserve backwards compatibility.

jaxlib 0.4.27 (May 7, 2024)#

jax 0.4.26 (April 3, 2024)#

  • New Functionality

  • Changes

    • Complex-valued jax.numpy.geomspace() now chooses the logarithmic spiral branch consistent with that of NumPy 2.0.

    • The behavior of lax.rng_bit_generator, and in turn the 'rbg' and 'unsafe_rbg' PRNG implementations, under jax.vmap has changed so that mapping over keys results in random generation only from the first key in the batch.

    • Docs now use jax.random.key for construction of PRNG key arrays rather than jax.random.PRNGKey.

  • Deprecations & Removals

    • jax.tree_map() is deprecated; use instead, or for backward compatibility with older JAX versions, use jax.tree_util.tree_map().

    • jax.clear_backends() is deprecated as it does not necessarily do what its name suggests and can lead to unexpected consequences, e.g., it will not destroy existing backends and release corresponding owned resources. Use jax.clear_caches() if you only want to clean up compilation caches. For backward compatibility or you really need to switch/reinitialize the default backend, use jax.extend.backend.clear_backends().

    • The jax.experimental.maps module and jax.experimental.maps.xmap are deprecated. Use jax.experimental.shard_map or jax.vmap with the spmd_axis_name argument for expressing SPMD device-parallel computations.

    • The jax.experimental.host_callback module is deprecated. Use instead the new JAX external callbacks. Added JAX_HOST_CALLBACK_LEGACY flag to assist in the transition to the new callbacks. See #20385 for a discussion.

    • Passing arguments to jax.numpy.array_equal() and jax.numpy.array_equiv() that cannot be converted to a JAX array now results in an exception.

    • The deprecated flag jax_parallel_functions_output_gda has been removed. This flag was long deprecated and did nothing; its use was a no-op.

    • The previously-deprecated imports and have now been removed. Use jax.config and jax.extend.source_info_util instead.

    • JAX export does not support older serialization versions anymore. Version 9 has been supported since October 27th, 2023 and has become the default since February 1, 2024. See a description of the versions. This change could break clients that set a specific JAX serialization version lower than 9.

jaxlib 0.4.26 (April 3, 2024)#

  • Changes

    • JAX now supports CUDA 12.1 or newer only. Support for CUDA 11.8 has been dropped.

    • JAX now supports NumPy 2.0.

jax 0.4.25 (Feb 26, 2024)#

  • New Features

  • Changes

    • Pallas now uses XLA instead of the Triton Python APIs to compile Triton kernels. You can revert to the old behavior by setting the JAX_TRITON_COMPILE_VIA_XLA environment variable to "0".

    • Several deprecated APIs in jax.interpreters.xla that were removed in v0.4.24 have been re-added in v0.4.25, including backend_specific_translations, translations, register_translation, xla_destructure, TranslationRule, TranslationContext, and XLAOp. These are still considered deprecated, and will be removed again in the future when better replacements are available. Refer to #19816 for discussion.

  • Deprecations & Removals

    • jax.numpy.linalg.solve() now shows a deprecation warning for batched 1D solves with b.ndim > 1. In the future these will be treated as batched 2D solves.

    • Conversion of a non-scalar array to a Python scalar now raises an error, regardless of the size of the array. Previously a deprecation warning was raised in the case of non-scalar arrays of size 1. This follows a similar deprecation in NumPy.

    • The previously deprecated configuration APIs have been removed following a standard 3 months deprecation cycle (see API compatibility). These include

      • the jax.config.config object and

      • the define_*_state and DEFINE_* methods of jax.config.

    • Importing the jax.config submodule via import jax.config is deprecated. To configure JAX use import jax and then reference the config object via jax.config.

    • The minimum jaxlib version is now 0.4.20.

jaxlib 0.4.25 (Feb 26, 2024)#

jax 0.4.24 (Feb 6, 2024)#

  • Changes

    • JAX lowering to StableHLO does not depend on physical devices anymore. If your primitive wraps custom_partitioning or JAX callbacks in the lowering rule i.e. function passed to rule parameter of mlir.register_lowering then add your primitive to jax._src.dispatch.prim_requires_devices_during_lowering set. This is needed because custom_partitioning and JAX callbacks need physical devices to create Shardings during lowering. This is a temporary state until we can create Shardings without physical devices.

    • jax.numpy.argsort() and jax.numpy.sort() now support the stable and descending arguments.

    • Several changes to the handling of shape polymorphism (used in jax.experimental.jax2tf and jax.experimental.export):

      • cleaner pretty-printing of symbolic expressions (#19227)

      • added the ability to specify symbolic constraints on the dimension variables. This makes shape polymorphism more expressive, and gives a way to workaround limitations in the reasoning about inequalities. See

      • with the addition of symbolic constraints (#19235) we now consider dimension variables from different scopes to be different, even if they have the same name. Symbolic expressions from different scopes cannot interact, e.g., in arithmetic operations. Scopes are introduced by jax.experimental.jax2tf.convert(), jax.experimental.export.symbolic_shape(), jax.experimental.export.symbolic_args_specs(). The scope of a symbolic expression e can be read with e.scope and passed into the above functions to direct them to construct symbolic expressions in a given scope. See

      • simplified and faster equality comparisons, where we consider two symbolic dimensions to be equal if the normalized form of their difference reduces to 0 (#19231; note that this may result in user-visible behavior changes)

      • improved the error messages for inconclusive inequality comparisons (#19235).

      • the core.non_negative_dim API (introduced recently) was deprecated and core.max_dim and core.min_dim were introduced (#18953) to express max and min for symbolic dimensions. You can use core.max_dim(d, 0) instead of core.non_negative_dim(d).

      • the shape_poly.is_poly_dim is deprecated in favor of export.is_symbolic_dim (#19282).

      • the export.args_specs is deprecated in favor of export.symbolic_args_specs ({jax-issue}#19283`).

      • the shape_poly.PolyShape and jax2tf.PolyShape are deprecated, use strings for polymorphic shapes specifications (#19284).

      • JAX default native serialization version is now 9. This is relevant for jax.experimental.jax2tf and jax.experimental.export. See description of version numbers.

    • Refactored the API for jax.experimental.export. Instead of from jax.experimental.export import export you should use now from jax.experimental import export. The old way of importing will continue to work for a deprecation period of 3 months.

    • Added jax.scipy.stats.sem().

    • jax.numpy.unique() with return_inverse = True returns inverse indices reshaped to the dimension of the input, following a similar change to numpy.unique() in NumPy 2.0.

    • jax.numpy.sign() now returns x / abs(x) for nonzero complex inputs. This is consistent with the behavior of numpy.sign() in NumPy version 2.0.

    • jax.scipy.special.logsumexp() with return_sign=True now uses the NumPy 2.0 convention for the complex sign, x / abs(x). This is consistent with the behavior of scipy.special.logsumexp() in SciPy v1.13.

    • JAX now supports the bool DLPack type for both import and export. Previously bool values could not be imported and were exported as integers.

  • Deprecations & Removals

    • A number of previously deprecated functions have been removed, following a standard 3+ month deprecation cycle (see API compatibility). This includes:

      • From jax.core: TracerArrayConversionError, TracerIntegerConversionError, UnexpectedTracerError, as_hashable_function, collections, dtypes, lu, map, namedtuple, partial, pp, ref, safe_zip, safe_map, source_info_util, total_ordering, traceback_util, tuple_delete, tuple_insert, and zip.

      • From jax.lax: dtypes, itertools, naryop, naryop_dtype_rule, standard_abstract_eval, standard_naryop, standard_primitive, standard_unop, unop, and unop_dtype_rule.

      • The jax.linear_util submodule and all its contents.

      • The jax.prng submodule and all its contents.

      • From jax.random: PRNGKeyArray, KeyArray, default_prng_impl, threefry_2x32, threefry2x32_key, threefry2x32_p, rbg_key, and unsafe_rbg_key.

      • From jax.tree_util: register_keypaths, AttributeKeyPathEntry, and GetItemKeyPathEntry.

      • from jax.interpreters.xla: backend_specific_translations, translations, register_translation, xla_destructure, TranslationRule, TranslationContext, axis_groups, ShapedArray, ConcreteArray, AxisEnv, backend_compile, and XLAOp.

      • from jax.numpy: NINF, NZERO, PZERO, row_stack, issubsctype, trapz, and in1d.

      • from jax.scipy.linalg: tril and triu.

    • The previously-deprecated method PRNGKeyArray.unsafe_raw_array has been removed. Use jax.random.key_data() instead.

    • bool(empty_array) now raises an error rather than returning False. This previously raised a deprecation warning, and follows a similar change in NumPy.

    • Support for the mhlo MLIR dialect has been deprecated. JAX no longer uses the mhlo dialect, in favor of stablehlo. APIs that refer to “mhlo” will be removed in the future. Use the “stablehlo” dialect instead.

    • jax.random: passing batched keys directly to random number generation functions, such as bits(), gamma(), and others, is deprecated and will emit a FutureWarning. Use jax.vmap for explicit batching.

    • jax.lax.tie_in() is deprecated: it has been a no-op since JAX v0.2.0.

jaxlib 0.4.24 (Feb 6, 2024)#

  • Changes

    • JAX now supports CUDA 12.3 and CUDA 11.8. Support for CUDA 12.2 has been dropped.

    • cost_analysis now works with cross-compiled Compiled objects (i.e. when using .lower().compile() with a topology object, e.g., to compile for Cloud TPU from a non-TPU computer).

    • Added CUDA Array Interface import support (requires jax 0.4.25).

jax 0.4.23 (Dec 13, 2023)#

jaxlib 0.4.23 (Dec 13, 2023)#

  • Fixed a bug that caused verbose logging from the GPU compiler during compilation.

jax 0.4.22 (Dec 13, 2023)#

  • Deprecations

    • The device_buffer and device_buffers properties of JAX arrays are deprecated. Explicit buffers have been replaced by the more flexible array sharding interface, but the previous outputs can be recovered this way:

      • arr.device_buffer becomes arr.addressable_data(0)

      • arr.device_buffers becomes [ for x in arr.addressable_shards]

jaxlib 0.4.22 (Dec 13, 2023)#

jax 0.4.21 (Dec 4 2023)#

  • New Features

  • Changes

    • The minimum jaxlib version is now 0.4.19.

    • Released wheels are built now with clang instead of gcc.

    • Enforce that the device backend has not been initialized prior to calling jax.distributed.initialize().

    • Automate arguments to jax.distributed.initialize() in cloud TPU environments.

  • Deprecations

    • The previously-deprecated sym_pos argument has been removed from jax.scipy.linalg.solve(). Use assume_a='pos' instead.

    • Passing None to jax.array() or jax.asarray(), either directly or within a list or tuple, is deprecated and now raises a FutureWarning. It currently is converted to NaN, and in the future will raise a TypeError.

    • Passing the condition, x, and y parameters to jax.numpy.where by keyword arguments has been deprecated, to match numpy.where.

    • Passing arguments to jax.numpy.array_equal() and jax.numpy.array_equiv() that cannot be converted to a JAX array is deprecated and now raises a DeprecationWaning. Currently the functions return False, in the future this will raise an exception.

    • The device() method of JAX arrays is deprecated. Depending on the context, it may be replaced with one of the following:

      • jax.Array.devices() returns the set of all devices used by the array.

      • jax.Array.sharding gives the sharding configuration used by the array.

jaxlib 0.4.21 (Dec 4 2023)#

  • Changes

    • In preparation for adding distributed CPU support, JAX now treats CPU devices identically to GPU and TPU devices, that is:

      • jax.devices() includes all devices present in a distributed job, even those not local to the current process. jax.local_devices() still only includes devices local to the current process, so if the change to jax.devices() breaks you, you most likely want to use jax.local_devices() instead.

      • CPU devices now receive a globally unique ID number within a distributed job; previously CPU devices would receive a process-local ID number.

      • The process_index of each CPU device will now match any GPU or TPU devices within the same process; previously the process_index of a CPU device was always 0.

    • On NVIDIA GPU, JAX now prefers a Jacobi SVD solver for matrices up to 1024x1024. The Jacobi solver appears faster than the non-Jacobi version.

  • Bug fixes

    • Fixed error/hang when an array with non-finite values is passed to a non-symmetric eigendecomposition (#18226). Arrays with non-finite values now produce arrays full of NaNs as outputs.

jax 0.4.20 (Nov 2, 2023)#

jaxlib 0.4.20 (Nov 2, 2023)#

  • Bug fixes

    • Fixed some type confusion between E4M3 and E5M2 float8 types.

jax 0.4.19 (Oct 19, 2023)#

  • New Features

    • Added jax.typing.DTypeLike, which can be used to annotate objects that are convertible to JAX dtypes.

    • Added jax.numpy.fill_diagonal.

  • Changes

    • JAX now requires SciPy 1.9 or newer.

  • Bug fixes

    • Only process 0 in a multicontroller distributed JAX program will write persistent compilation cache entries. This fixes write contention if the cache is placed on a network file system such as GCS.

    • The version check for cusolver and cufft no longer considers the patch versions when determining if the installed version of these libraries is at least as new as the versions against which JAX was built.

jaxlib 0.4.19 (Oct 19, 2023)#

  • Changes

    • jaxlib will now always prefer pip-installed NVIDIA CUDA libraries (nvidia-… packages) over any other CUDA installation if they are installed, including installations named in LD_LIBRARY_PATH. If this causes problems and the intent is to use a system-installed CUDA, the fix is to remove the pip installed CUDA library packages.

jax 0.4.18 (Oct 6, 2023)#

jaxlib 0.4.18 (Oct 6, 2023)#

  • Changes

    • CUDA jaxlibs now depend on the user to install a compatible NCCL version. If using the recommended cuda12_pip installation, NCCL should be installed automatically. Currently, NCCL 2.16 or newer is required.

    • We now provide Linux aarch64 wheels, both with and without NVIDIA GPU support.

    • jax.Array.item() now supports optional index arguments.

  • Deprecations

    • A number of internal utilities and inadvertent exports in jax.lax have been deprecated, and will be removed in a future release.

      • jax.lax.dtypes: use jax.dtypes instead.

      • jax.lax.itertools: use itertools instead.

      • naryop, naryop_dtype_rule, standard_abstract_eval, standard_naryop, standard_primitive, standard_unop, unop, and unop_dtype_rule are internal utilities, now deprecated without replacement.

  • Bug fixes

    • Fixed Cloud TPU regression where compilation would OOM due to smem.

jax 0.4.17 (Oct 3, 2023)#

  • New features

  • Deprecations

    • Removed the deprecated module jax.abstract_arrays and all its contents.

    • Named key constructors in jax.random are deprecated. Pass the impl argument to jax.random.PRNGKey() or jax.random.key() instead:

      • random.threefry2x32_key(seed) becomes random.PRNGKey(seed, impl='threefry2x32')

      • random.rbg_key(seed) becomes random.PRNGKey(seed, impl='rbg')

      • random.unsafe_rbg_key(seed) becomes random.PRNGKey(seed, impl='unsafe_rbg')

  • Changes:

    • CUDA: JAX now verifies that the CUDA libraries it finds are at least as new as the CUDA libraries that JAX was built against. If older libraries are found, JAX raises an exception since that is preferable to mysterious failures and crashes.

    • Removed the “No GPU/TPU” found warning. Instead warn if, on Linux, an NVIDIA GPU or a Google TPU are found but not used and --jax_platforms was not specified.

    • jax.scipy.stats.mode() now returns a 0 count if the mode is taken across a size-0 axis, matching the behavior of scipy.stats.mode in SciPy 1.11.

    • Most jax.numpy functions and attributes now have fully-defined type stubs. Previously many of these were treated as Any by static type checkers like mypy and pytype.

jaxlib 0.4.17 (Oct 3, 2023)#

  • Changes:

    • Python 3.12 wheels were added in this release.

    • The CUDA 12 wheels now require CUDA 12.2 or newer and cuDNN 8.9.4 or newer.

  • Bug fixes:

    • Fixed log spam from ABSL when the JAX CPU backend was initialized.

jax 0.4.16 (Sept 18, 2023)#

  • Changes

    • Added jax.numpy.ufunc, as well as jax.numpy.frompyfunc(), which can convert any scalar-valued function into a numpy.ufunc()-like object, with methods such as outer(), reduce(), accumulate(), at(), and reduceat() (#17054).

    • Added jax.scipy.integrate.trapezoid().

    • When not running under IPython: when an exception is raised, JAX now filters out the entirety of its internal frames from tracebacks. (Without the “unfiltered stack trace” that previously appeared.) This should produce much friendlier-looking tracebacks. See here for an example. This behavior can be changed by setting JAX_TRACEBACK_FILTERING=remove_frames (for two separate unfiltered/filtered tracebacks, which was the old behavior) or JAX_TRACEBACK_FILTERING=off (for one unfiltered traceback).

    • jax2tf default serialization version is now 7, which introduces new shape safety assertions.

    • Devices passed to jax.sharding.Mesh should be hashable. This specifically applies to mock devices or user created devices. jax.devices() are already hashable.

  • Breaking changes:

    • jax2tf now uses native serialization by default. See the jax2tf documentation for details and for mechanisms to override the default.

    • The option --jax_coordination_service has been removed. It is now always True.

    • jax.jaxpr_util has been removed from the public JAX namespace.

    • JAX_USE_PJRT_C_API_ON_TPU no longer has an effect (i.e. it always defaults to true).

    • The backwards compatibility flag --jax_host_callback_ad_transforms introduced in December 2021, has been removed.

  • Deprecations:

    • Several jax.numpy APIs have been deprecated following NumPy NEP-52:

      • jax.numpy.NINF has been deprecated. Use -jax.numpy.inf instead.

      • jax.numpy.PZERO has been deprecated. Use 0.0 instead.

      • jax.numpy.NZERO has been deprecated. Use -0.0 instead.

      • jax.numpy.issubsctype(x, t) has been deprecated. Use jax.numpy.issubdtype(x.dtype, t).

      • jax.numpy.row_stack has been deprecated. Use jax.numpy.vstack instead.

      • jax.numpy.in1d has been deprecated. Use jax.numpy.isin instead.

      • jax.numpy.trapz has been deprecated. Use jax.scipy.integrate.trapezoid instead.

    • jax.scipy.linalg.tril and jax.scipy.linalg.triu have been deprecated, following SciPy. Use jax.numpy.tril and jax.numpy.triu instead.

    • has been removed after being deprecated in JAX v0.4.11. Use the built-in instead.

    • A number of exports from jax.interpreters.xla related to defining HLO lowering rules for custom JAX primitives have been deprecated. Custom primitives should be defined using the StableHLO lowering utilities in jax.interpreters.mlir instead.

    • The following previously-deprecated functions have been removed after a three-month deprecation period:

      • jax.abstract_arrays.ShapedArray: use jax.core.ShapedArray.

      • jax.abstract_arrays.raise_to_shaped: use jax.core.raise_to_shaped.

      • jax.numpy.alltrue: use jax.numpy.all.

      • jax.numpy.sometrue: use jax.numpy.any.

      • jax.numpy.product: use

      • jax.numpy.cumproduct: use jax.numpy.cumprod.

  • Deprecations/removals:

    • The internal submodule jax.prng is now deprecated. Its contents are available at jax.extend.random.

    • The internal submodule path jax.linear_util has been deprecated. Use jax.extend.linear_util instead (Part of jax.extend: a module for extensions)

    • jax.random.PRNGKeyArray and jax.random.KeyArray are deprecated. Use jax.Array for type annotations, and jax.dtypes.issubdtype(arr.dtype, jax.dtypes.prng_key) for runtime detection of typed prng keys.

    • The method PRNGKeyArray.unsafe_raw_array is deprecated. Use jax.random.key_data() instead.

    • jax.experimental.pjit.with_sharding_constraint is deprecated. Use jax.lax.with_sharding_constraint instead.

    • The internal utilities jax.core.is_opaque_dtype and jax.core.has_opaque_dtype have been removed. Opaque dtypes have been renamed to Extended dtypes; use jnp.issubdtype(dtype, jax.dtypes.extended) instead (available since jax v0.4.14).

    • The utility jax.interpreters.xla.register_collective_primitive has been removed. This utility did nothing useful in recent JAX releases and calls to it can be safely removed.

    • The internal submodule path jax.linear_util has been deprecated. Use jax.extend.linear_util instead (Part of jax.extend: a module for extensions)

jaxlib 0.4.16 (Sept 18, 2023)#

  • Changes:

    • Sparse CSR matrix multiplications via the experimental jax sparse APIs no longer uses a deterministic algorithm on NVIDIA GPUs. This change was made to improve compatibility with CUDA 12.2.1.

  • Bug fixes:

    • Fixed a crash on Windows due to a fatal LLVM error related to out-of-order sections and IMAGE_REL_AMD64_ADDR32NB relocations (

jax 0.4.14 (July 27, 2023)#

  • Changes

    • jax.jit takes donate_argnames as an argument. It’s semantics are similar to static_argnames. If neither donate_argnums nor donate_argnames is provided, no arguments are donated. If donate_argnums is not provided but donate_argnames is, or vice versa, JAX uses inspect.signature(fun) to find any positional arguments that correspond to donate_argnames (or vice versa). If both donate_argnums and donate_argnames are provided, inspect.signature is not used, and only actual parameters listed in either donate_argnums or donate_argnames will be donated.

    • jax.random.gamma() has been re-factored to a more efficient algorithm with more robust endpoint behavior (#16779). This means that the sequence of values returned for a given key will change between JAX v0.4.13 and v0.4.14 for gamma and related samplers (including jax.random.ball(), jax.random.beta(), jax.random.chisquare(), jax.random.dirichlet(), jax.random.generalized_normal(), jax.random.loggamma(), jax.random.t()).

  • Deletions

    • in_axis_resources and out_axis_resources have been deleted from pjit since it has been more than 3 months since their deprecation. Please use in_shardings and out_shardings as the replacement. This is a safe and trivial name replacement. It does not change any of the current pjit semantics and doesn’t break any code. You can still pass in PartitionSpecs to in_shardings and out_shardings.

  • Deprecations

    • Python 3.8 support has been dropped as per

    • JAX now requires NumPy 1.22 or newer as per

    • Passing optional arguments to by position is no longer supported, after being deprecated in JAX version 0.4.7. For example, instead of[i].get(True), use[i].get(indices_are_sorted=True)

    • The following jax.Array methods have been removed, after being deprecated in JAX v0.4.5:

    • The following APIs have been removed after previous deprecation:

      • use

      • jax.curry: use curry = lambda f: partial(partial, f).

      • jax.partial_eval: use jax.interpreters.partial_eval.

      • jax.pxla: use jax.interpreters.pxla.

      • jax.xla: use jax.interpreters.xla.

      • jax.ShapedArray: use jax.core.ShapedArray.

      • jax.interpreters.pxla.device_put: use jax.device_put().

      • jax.interpreters.pxla.make_sharded_device_array: use jax.make_array_from_single_device_arrays().

      • jax.interpreters.pxla.ShardedDeviceArray: use jax.Array.

      • jax.numpy.DeviceArray: use jax.Array.

      • jax.stages.Compiled.compiler_ir: use jax.stages.Compiled.as_text().

  • Breaking changes

    • JAX now requires ml_dtypes version 0.2.0 or newer.

    • To fix a corner case, calls to jax.lax.cond() with five arguments will always resolve to the “common operands” cond behavior (as documented) if the second and third arguments are callable, even if other operands are callable as well. See #16413.

    • The deprecated config options jax_array and jax_jit_pjit_api_merge, which did nothing, have been removed. These options have been true by default for many releases.

  • New features

    • JAX now supports a configuration flag –jax_serialization_version and a JAX_SERIALIZATION_VERSION environment variable to control the serialization version (#16746).

    • jax2tf in presence of shape polymorphism now generates code that checks certain shape constraints, if the serialization version is at least 7. See

jaxlib 0.4.14 (July 27, 2023)#

  • Deprecations

    • Python 3.8 support has been dropped as per

jax 0.4.13 (June 22, 2023)#

  • Changes

    • jax.jit now allows None to be passed to in_shardings and out_shardings. The semantics are as follows:

      • For in_shardings, JAX will mark is as replicated but this behavior can change in the future.

      • For out_shardings, we will rely on the XLA GSPMD partitioner to determine the output shardings.

    • jax.experimental.pjit.pjit also allows None to be passed to in_shardings and out_shardings. The semantics are as follows:

      • If the mesh context manager is not provided, JAX has the freedom to choose whatever sharding it wants.

        • For in_shardings, JAX will mark is as replicated but this behavior can change in the future.

        • For out_shardings, we will rely on the XLA GSPMD partitioner to determine the output shardings.

      • If the mesh context manager is provided, None will imply that the value will be replicated on all devices of the mesh.

    • Executable.cost_analysis() works on Cloud TPU

    • Added a warning if a non-allowlisted jaxlib plugin is in use.

    • Added jax.tree_util.tree_leaves_with_path.

    • None is not a valid input to jax.experimental.multihost_utils.host_local_array_to_global_array or jax.experimental.multihost_utils.global_array_to_host_local_array. Please use jax.sharding.PartitionSpec() if you wanted to replicate your input.

  • Bug fixes

    • Fixed incorrect wheel name in CUDA 12 releases (#16362); the correct wheel is named cudnn89 instead of cudnn88.

  • Deprecations

    • The native_serialization_strict_checks parameter to jax.experimental.jax2tf.convert() is deprecated in favor of the new native_serializaation_disabled_checks (#16347).

jaxlib 0.4.13 (June 22, 2023)#

  • Changes

    • Added Windows CPU-only wheels to the jaxlib Pypi release.

  • Bug fixes

    • __cuda_array_interface__ was broken in previous jaxlib versions and is now fixed (#16440).

    • Concurrent CUDA kernel tracing is now enabled by default on NVIDIA GPUs.

jax 0.4.12 (June 8, 2023)#

  • Changes

  • Deprecations

    • jax.abstract_arrays and its contents are now deprecated. See related functionality in :mod:jax.core.

    • jax.numpy.alltrue: use jax.numpy.all. This follows the deprecation of numpy.alltrue in NumPy version 1.25.0.

    • jax.numpy.sometrue: use jax.numpy.any. This follows the deprecation of numpy.sometrue in NumPy version 1.25.0.

    • jax.numpy.product: use This follows the deprecation of numpy.product in NumPy version 1.25.0.

    • jax.numpy.cumproduct: use jax.numpy.cumprod. This follows the deprecation of numpy.cumproduct in NumPy version 1.25.0.

    • jax.sharding.OpShardingSharding has been removed since it has been 3 months since it was deprecated.

jaxlib 0.4.12 (June 8, 2023)#

  • Changes

    • Includes PTX/SASS for Hopper (SM version 9.0+) GPUs. Previous versions of jaxlib should work on Hopper but would have a long JIT-compilation delay the first time a JAX operation was executed.

  • Bug fixes

    • Fixes incorrect source line information in JAX-generated Python tracebacks under Python 3.11.

    • Fixes crash when printing local variables of frames in JAX-generated Python tracebacks (#16027).

jax 0.4.11 (May 31, 2023)#

  • Deprecations

    • The following APIs have been removed after a 3 month deprecation period, in accordance with the API compatibility policy:

      • jax.experimental.PartitionSpec: use jax.sharding.PartitionSpec.

      • jax.experimental.maps.Mesh: use jax.sharding.Mesh

      • jax.experimental.pjit.NamedSharding: use jax.sharding.NamedSharding.

      • jax.experimental.pjit.PartitionSpec: use jax.sharding.PartitionSpec.

      • jax.experimental.pjit.FROM_GDA. Instead pass sharded jax.Array objects as input and remove the optional in_shardings argument to pjit.

      • jax.interpreters.pxla.PartitionSpec: use jax.sharding.PartitionSpec.

      • jax.interpreters.pxla.Mesh: use jax.sharding.Mesh

      • jax.interpreters.xla.Buffer: use jax.Array.

      • jax.interpreters.xla.Device: use jax.Device.

      • jax.interpreters.xla.DeviceArray: use jax.Array.

      • jax.interpreters.xla.device_put: use jax.device_put.

      • jax.interpreters.xla.xla_call_p: use jax.experimental.pjit.pjit_p.

      • axis_resources argument of with_sharding_constraint is removed. Please use shardings instead.

jaxlib 0.4.11 (May 31, 2023)#

  • Changes

    • Added memory_stats() method to Devices. If supported, this returns a dict of string stat names with int values, e.g. "bytes_in_use", or None if the platform doesn’t support memory statistics. The exact stats returned may vary across platforms. Currently only implemented on Cloud TPU.

    • Readded support for the Python buffer protocol (memoryview) on CPU devices.

jax 0.4.10 (May 11, 2023)#

jaxlib 0.4.10 (May 11, 2023)#

  • Changes

    • Fixed 'apple-m1' is not a recognized processor for this target (ignoring processor) issue that prevented previous release from running on Mac M1.

jax 0.4.9 (May 9, 2023)#

  • Changes

    • The flags experimental_cpp_jit, experimental_cpp_pjit and experimental_cpp_pmap have been removed. They are now always on.

    • Accuracy of singular value decomposition (SVD) on TPU has been improved (requires jaxlib 0.4.9).

  • Deprecations

    • jax.experimental.gda_serialization is deprecated and has been renamed to jax.experimental.array_serialization. Please change your imports to use jax.experimental.array_serialization.

    • The in_axis_resources and out_axis_resources arguments of pjit have been deprecated. Please use in_shardings and out_shardings respectively.

    • The function jax.numpy.msort has been removed. It has been deprecated since JAX v0.4.1. Use jnp.sort(a, axis=0) instead.

    • in_parts and out_parts arguments have been removed from jax.xla_computation since they were only used with sharded_jit and sharded_jit is long gone.

    • instantiate_const_outputs argument has been removed from jax.xla_computation since it has been unused for a very long time.

jaxlib 0.4.9 (May 9, 2023)#

jax 0.4.8 (March 29, 2023)#

  • Breaking changes

    • A major component of the Cloud TPU runtime has been upgraded. This enables the following new features on Cloud TPU:

      jax.experimental.host_callback() is no longer supported on Cloud TPU with the new runtime component. Please file an issue on the JAX issue tracker if the new jax.debug APIs are insufficient for your use case.

      The old runtime component will be available for at least the next three months by setting the environment variable JAX_USE_PJRT_C_API_ON_TPU=false. If you find you need to disable the new runtime for any reason, please let us know on the JAX issue tracker.

  • Changes

    • The minimum jaxlib version has been bumped from 0.4.6 to 0.4.7.

  • Deprecations

    • CUDA 11.4 support has been dropped. JAX GPU wheels only support CUDA 11.8 and CUDA 12. Older CUDA versions may work if jaxlib is built from source.

    • global_arg_shapes argument of pmap only worked with sharded_jit and has been removed from pmap. Please migrate to pjit and remove global_arg_shapes from pmap.

jax 0.4.7 (March 27, 2023)#

  • Changes

    • As per jax.config.jax_array cannot be disabled anymore.

    • jax.config.jax_jit_pjit_api_merge cannot be disabled anymore.

    • jax.experimental.jax2tf.convert() now supports the native_serialization parameter to use JAX’s native lowering to StableHLO to obtain a StableHLO module for the entire JAX function instead of lowering each JAX primitive to a TensorFlow op. This simplifies the internals and increases the confidence that what you serialize matches the JAX native semantics. See documentation. As part of this change the config flag --jax2tf_default_experimental_native_lowering has been renamed to --jax2tf_native_serialization.

    • JAX now depends on ml_dtypes, which contains definitions of NumPy types like bfloat16. These definitions were previously internal to JAX, but have been split into a separate package to facilitate sharing them with other projects.

    • JAX now requires NumPy 1.21 or newer and SciPy 1.7 or newer.

  • Deprecations

    • The type jax.numpy.DeviceArray is deprecated. Use jax.Array instead, for which it is an alias.

    • The type jax.interpreters.pxla.ShardedDeviceArray is deprecated. Use jax.Array instead.

    • Passing additional arguments to by position is deprecated. For example, instead of[i].get(True), use[i].get(indices_are_sorted=True)

    • jax.interpreters.xla.device_put is deprecated. Please use jax.device_put.

    • jax.interpreters.pxla.device_put is deprecated. Please use jax.device_put.

    • jax.experimental.pjit.FROM_GDA is deprecated. Please pass in sharded jax.Arrays as input and remove the in_shardings argument to pjit since it is optional.

jaxlib 0.4.7 (March 27, 2023)#


  • jaxlib now depends on ml_dtypes, which contains definitions of NumPy types like bfloat16. These definitions were previously internal to JAX, but have been split into a separate package to facilitate sharing them with other projects.

jax 0.4.6 (Mar 9, 2023)#

  • Changes

    • jax.tree_util now contain a set of APIs that allow user to define keys for their custom pytree node. This includes:

      • tree_flatten_with_path that flattens a tree and return not only each leaf but also their key paths.

      • tree_map_with_path that can map a function that takes the key path as an argument.

      • register_pytree_with_keys to register how the key path and leaves should looks like in a custom pytree node.

      • keystr that pretty-prints a key path.

    • jax2tf.call_tf() has a new parameter output_shape_dtype (default None) that can be used to declare the output shape and type of the result. This enables jax2tf.call_tf() to work in the presence of shape polymorphism. (#14734).

  • Deprecations

    • The old key-path APIs in jax.tree_util are deprecated and will be removed 3 months from Mar 10 2023:

jaxlib 0.4.6 (Mar 9, 2023)#

jax 0.4.5 (Mar 2, 2023)#

  • Deprecations

    • jax.sharding.OpShardingSharding has been renamed to jax.sharding.GSPMDSharding. jax.sharding.OpShardingSharding will be removed in 3 months from Feb 17, 2023.

    • The following jax.Array methods are deprecated and will be removed 3 months from Feb 23 2023:

jax 0.4.4 (Feb 16, 2023)#

  • Changes

    • The implementation of jit and pjit has been merged. Merging jit and pjit changes the internals of JAX without affecting the public API of JAX. Before, jit was a final style primitive. Final style means that the creation of jaxpr was delayed as much as possible and transformations were stacked on top of each other. With the jit-pjit implementation merge, jit becomes an initial style primitive which means that we trace to jaxpr as early as possible. For more information see this section in autodidax. Moving to initial style should simplify JAX’s internals and make development of features like dynamic shapes, etc easier. You can disable it only via the environment variable i.e. os.environ['JAX_JIT_PJIT_API_MERGE'] = '0'. The merge must be disabled via an environment variable since it affects JAX at import time so it needs to be disabled before jax is imported.

    • axis_resources argument of with_sharding_constraint is deprecated. Please use shardings instead. There is no change needed if you were using axis_resources as an arg. If you were using it as a kwarg, then please use shardings instead. axis_resources will be removed after 3 months from Feb 13, 2023.

    • added the jax.typing module, with tools for type annotations of JAX functions.

    • The following names have been deprecated:

      • jax.xla.Device and jax.interpreters.xla.Device: use jax.Device.

      • jax.experimental.maps.Mesh. Use jax.sharding.Mesh instead.

      • jax.experimental.pjit.NamedSharding: use jax.sharding.NamedSharding.

      • jax.experimental.pjit.PartitionSpec: use jax.sharding.PartitionSpec.

      • jax.interpreters.pxla.Mesh: use jax.sharding.Mesh.

      • jax.interpreters.pxla.PartitionSpec: use jax.sharding.PartitionSpec.

  • Breaking Changes

    • the initial argument to reduction functions like :func:jax.numpy.sum is now required to be a scalar, consistent with the corresponding NumPy API. The previous behavior of broadcasting the output against non-scalar initial values was an unintentional implementation detail (#14446).

jaxlib 0.4.4 (Feb 16, 2023)#

  • Breaking changes

    • Support for NVIDIA Kepler series GPUs has been removed from the default jaxlib builds. If Kepler support is needed, it is still possible to build jaxlib from source with Kepler support (via the --cuda_compute_capabilities=sm_35 option to, however note that CUDA 12 has completely dropped support for Kepler GPUs.

jax 0.4.3 (Feb 8, 2023)#

jaxlib 0.4.3 (Feb 8, 2023)#

  • jax.Array now has the non-blocking is_ready() method, which returns True if the array is ready (see also jax.block_until_ready()).

jax 0.4.2 (Jan 24, 2023)#

  • Breaking changes

    • Deleted jax.experimental.callback

    • Operations with dimensions in presence of jax2tf shape polymorphism have been generalized to work in more scenarios, by converting the symbolic dimension to JAX arrays. Operations involving symbolic dimensions and np.ndarray now can raise errors when the result is used as a shape value (#14106).

    • jaxpr objects now raise an error on attribute setting in order to avoid problematic mutations (#14102)

  • Changes

    • jax2tf.call_tf() has a new parameter has_side_effects (default True) that can be used to declare whether an instance can be removed or replicated by JAX optimizations such as dead-code elimination (#13980).

    • Added more support for floordiv and mod for jax2tf shape polymorphism. Previously, certain division operations resulted in errors in presence of symbolic dimensions (#14108).

jaxlib 0.4.2 (Jan 24, 2023)#

  • Changes

    • Set JAX_USE_PJRT_C_API_ON_TPU=1 to enable new Cloud TPU runtime, featuring automatic device memory defragmentation.

jax 0.4.1 (Dec 13, 2022)#

  • Changes

    • Support for Python 3.7 has been dropped, in accordance with JAX’s Python and NumPy version support policy.

    • We introduce jax.Array which is a unified array type that subsumes DeviceArray, ShardedDeviceArray, and GlobalDeviceArray types in JAX. The jax.Array type helps make parallelism a core feature of JAX, simplifies and unifies JAX internals, and allows us to unify jit and pjit. jax.Array has been enabled by default in JAX 0.4 and makes some breaking change to the pjit API. The jax.Array migration guide can help you migrate your codebase to jax.Array. You can also look at the Distributed arrays and automatic parallelization tutorial to understand the new concepts.

    • PartitionSpec and Mesh are now out of experimental. The new API endpoints are jax.sharding.PartitionSpec and jax.sharding.Mesh. jax.experimental.maps.Mesh and jax.experimental.PartitionSpec are deprecated and will be removed in 3 months.

    • with_sharding_constraints new public endpoint is jax.lax.with_sharding_constraint.

    • If using ABSL flags together with jax.config, the ABSL flag values are no longer read or written after the JAX configuration options are initially populated from the ABSL flags. This change improves performance of reading jax.config options, which are used pervasively in JAX.

    • The jax2tf.call_tf function now uses for TF lowering the first TF device of the same platform as used by the embedding JAX computation. Before, it was using the 0th device for the JAX-default backend.

    • A number of jax.numpy functions now have their arguments marked as positional-only, matching NumPy.

    • jnp.msort is now deprecated, following the deprecation of np.msort in numpy 1.24. It will be removed in a future release, in accordance with the API compatibility policy. It can be replaced with jnp.sort(a, axis=0).

jaxlib 0.4.1 (Dec 13, 2022)#

  • Changes

    • Support for Python 3.7 has been dropped, in accordance with JAX’s Python and NumPy version support policy.

    • The behavior of XLA_PYTHON_CLIENT_MEM_FRACTION=.XX has been changed to allocate XX% of the total GPU memory instead of the previous behavior of using currently available GPU memory to calculate preallocation. Please refer to GPU memory allocation for more details.

    • The deprecated method .block_host_until_ready() has been removed. Use .block_until_ready() instead.

jax 0.4.0 (Dec 12, 2022)#

  • The release was yanked.

jaxlib 0.4.0 (Dec 12, 2022)#

  • The release was yanked.

jax 0.3.25 (Nov 15, 2022)#

  • Changes

  • Breaking Changes

    • Deleted the jax_experimental_name_stack config option.

    • Convert a string axis_names arguments to the jax.experimental.maps.Mesh constructor into a singleton tuple instead of unpacking the string into a sequence of character axis names.

jaxlib 0.3.25 (Nov 15, 2022)#

  • Changes

    • Added support for tridiagonal reductions on CPU and GPU.

    • Added support for upper Hessenberg reductions on CPU.

  • Bugs

    • Fixed a bug that meant that frames in tracebacks captured by JAX were incorrectly mapped to source lines under Python 3.10+

jax 0.3.24 (Nov 4, 2022)#

  • Changes

    • JAX should be faster to import. We now import scipy lazily, which accounted for a significant fraction of JAX’s import time.

    • Setting the env var JAX_PERSISTENT_CACHE_MIN_COMPILE_TIME_SECS=$N can be used to limit the number of cache entries written to the persistent cache. By default, computations that take 1 second or more to compile will be cached.

    • The default device order used by pmap on TPU if no order is specified now matches jax.devices() for single-process jobs. Previously the two orderings differed, which could lead to unnecessary copies or out-of-memory errors. Requiring the orderings to agree simplifies matters.

  • Breaking Changes

  • Deprecations

    • jax.sharding.MeshPspecSharding has been renamed to jax.sharding.NamedSharding. jax.sharding.MeshPspecSharding name will be removed in 3 months.

jaxlib 0.3.24 (Nov 4, 2022)#

  • Changes

    • Buffer donation now works on CPU. This may break code that marked buffers for donation on CPU but relied on donation not being implemented.

jax 0.3.23 (Oct 12, 2022)#

  • Changes

    • Update Colab TPU driver version for new jaxlib release.

jax 0.3.22 (Oct 11, 2022)#

  • Changes

    • Add JAX_PLATFORMS=tpu,cpu as default setting in TPU initialization, so JAX will raise an error if TPU cannot be initialized instead of falling back to CPU. Set JAX_PLATFORMS='' to override this behavior and automatically choose an available backend (the original default), or set JAX_PLATFORMS=cpu to always use CPU regardless of if the TPU is available.

  • Deprecations

    • Several test utilities deprecated in JAX v0.3.8 are now removed from jax.test_util.

jaxlib 0.3.22 (Oct 11, 2022)#

jax 0.3.21 (Sep 30, 2022)#

  • GitHub commits.

  • Changes

    • The persistent compilation cache will now warn instead of raising an exception on error (#12582), so program execution can continue if something goes wrong with the cache. Set JAX_RAISE_PERSISTENT_CACHE_ERRORS=true to revert this behavior.

jax 0.3.20 (Sep 28, 2022)#

  • Bug fixes:

    • Adds missing .pyi files that were missing from the previous release (#12536).

    • Fixes an incompatibility between jax 0.3.19 and the libtpu version it pinned (#12550). Requires jaxlib 0.3.20.

    • Fix incorrect pip url in comment (#12528).

jaxlib 0.3.20 (Sep 28, 2022)#

  • GitHub commits.

  • Bug fixes

    • Fixes support for limiting the visible CUDA devices via jax_cuda_visible_devices in distributed jobs. This functionality is needed for the JAX/SLURM integration on GPU (#12533).

jax 0.3.19 (Sep 27, 2022)#

jax 0.3.18 (Sep 26, 2022)#

  • GitHub commits.

  • Changes

    • Ahead-of-time lowering and compilation functionality (tracked in #7733) is stable and public. See the overview and the API docs for jax.stages.

    • Introduced jax.Array, intended to be used for both isinstance checks and type annotations for array types in JAX. Notice that this included some subtle changes to how isinstance works for jax.numpy.ndarray for jax-internal objects, as jax.numpy.ndarray is now a simple alias of jax.Array.

  • Breaking changes

    • jax._src is no longer imported into the public jax namespace. This may break users that were using JAX internals.

    • jax.soft_pmap has been deleted. Please use pjit or xmap instead. jax.soft_pmap is undocumented. If it were documented, a deprecation period would have been provided.

jax 0.3.17 (Aug 31, 2022)#

  • GitHub commits.

  • Bugs

    • Fix corner case issue in gradient of lax.pow with an exponent of zero (#12041)

  • Breaking changes

    • jax.checkpoint(), also known as jax.remat(), no longer supports the concrete option, following the previous version’s deprecation; see JEP 11830.

  • Changes

    • Added jax.pure_callback() that enables calling back to pure Python functions from compiled functions (e.g. functions decorated with jax.jit or jax.pmap).

  • Deprecations:

    • The deprecated DeviceArray.tile() method has been removed. Use jax.numpy.tile() (#11944).

    • DeviceArray.to_py() has been deprecated. Use np.asarray(x) instead.

jax 0.3.16#

jax 0.3.15 (July 22, 2022)#

jaxlib 0.3.15 (July 22, 2022)#

jax 0.3.14 (June 27, 2022)#

  • GitHub commits.

  • Breaking changes

    • jax.experimental.compilation_cache.initialize_cache() does not support max_cache_size_  bytes anymore and will not get that as an input.

    • JAX_PLATFORMS now raises an exception when platform initialization fails.

  • Changes

    • Fixed compatibility problems with NumPy 1.23.

    • jax.numpy.linalg.slogdet() now accepts an optional method argument that allows selection between an LU-decomposition based implementation and an implementation based on QR decomposition.

    • jax.numpy.linalg.qr() now supports mode="raw".

    • pickle, copy.copy, and copy.deepcopy now have more complete support when used on jax arrays (#10659). In particular:

      • pickle and deepcopy previously returned np.ndarray objects when used on a DeviceArray; now DeviceArray objects are returned. For deepcopy, the copied array is on the same device as the original. For pickle the deserialized array will be on the default device.

      • Within function transformations (i.e. traced code), deepcopy and copy previously were no-ops. Now they use the same mechanism as DeviceArray.copy().

      • Calling pickle on a traced array now results in an explicit ConcretizationTypeError.

    • The implementation of singular value decomposition (SVD) and symmetric/Hermitian eigendecomposition should be significantly faster on TPU, especially for matrices above 1000x1000 or so. Both now use a spectral divide-and-conquer algorithm for eigendecomposition (QDWH-eig).

    • jax.numpy.ldexp() no longer silently promotes all inputs to float64, instead it promotes to float32 for integer inputs of size int32 or smaller (#10921).

    • Add a create_perfetto_link option to jax.profiler.start_trace() and jax.profiler.start_trace(). When used, the profiler will generate a link to the Perfetto UI to view the trace.

    • Changed the semantics of jax.profiler.start_server(...)() to store the keepalive globally, rather than requiring the user to keep a reference to it.

    • Added jax.random.generalized_normal().

    • Added jax.random.ball().

    • Added jax.default_device().

    • Added a python -m jax.collect_profile script to manually capture program traces as an alternative to the TensorBoard UI.

    • Added a jax.named_scope context manager that adds profiler metadata to Python programs (similar to jax.named_call).

    • In scatter-update operations (i.e., unsafe implicit dtype casts are deprecated, and now result in a FutureWarning. In a future release, this will become an error. An example of an unsafe implicit cast is jnp.zeros(4, dtype=int).at[0].set(1.5), in which 1.5 previously was silently truncated to 1.

    • jax.experimental.compilation_cache.initialize_cache() now supports gcs bucket path as input.

    • Added jax.scipy.stats.gennorm().

    • jax.numpy.roots() is now better behaved when strip_zeros=False when coefficients have leading zeros (#11215).

jaxlib 0.3.14 (June 27, 2022)#

  • GitHub commits.

    • x86-64 Mac wheels now require Mac OS 10.14 (Mojave) or newer. Mac OS 10.14 was released in 2018, so this should not be a very onerous requirement.

    • The bundled version of NCCL was updated to 2.12.12, fixing some deadlocks.

    • The Python flatbuffers package is no longer a dependency of jaxlib.

jax 0.3.13 (May 16, 2022)#

jax 0.3.12 (May 15, 2022)#

jax 0.3.11 (May 15, 2022)#

  • GitHub commits.

  • Changes

    • jax.lax.eigh() now accepts an optional sort_eigenvalues argument that allows users to opt out of eigenvalue sorting on TPU.

  • Deprecations

    • Non-array arguments to functions in jax.lax.linalg are now marked keyword-only. As a backward-compatibility step passing keyword-only arguments positionally yields a warning, but in a future JAX release passing keyword-only arguments positionally will fail. However, most users should prefer to use jax.numpy.linalg instead.

    • jax.scipy.linalg.polar_unitary(), which was a JAX extension to the scipy API, is deprecated. Use jax.scipy.linalg.polar() instead.

jax 0.3.10 (May 3, 2022)#

jaxlib 0.3.10 (May 3, 2022)#

  • GitHub commits.

  • Changes

    • TF commit fixes an issue in the MHLO canonicalizer that caused constant folding to take a long time or crash for certain programs.

jax 0.3.9 (May 2, 2022)#

  • GitHub commits.

  • Changes

    • Added support for fully asynchronous checkpointing for GlobalDeviceArray.

jax 0.3.8 (April 29 2022)#

  • GitHub commits.

  • Changes

    • jax.numpy.linalg.svd() on TPUs uses a qdwh-svd solver.

    • jax.numpy.linalg.cond() on TPUs now accepts complex input.

    • jax.numpy.linalg.pinv() on TPUs now accepts complex input.

    • jax.numpy.linalg.matrix_rank() on TPUs now accepts complex input.

    • jax.scipy.cluster.vq.vq() has been added.

    • jax.experimental.maps.mesh has been deleted. Please use jax.experimental.maps.Mesh. Please see for more information.

    • jax.scipy.linalg.qr() now returns a length-1 tuple rather than the raw array when mode='r', in order to match the behavior of scipy.linalg.qr (#10452)

    • jax.numpy.take_along_axis() now takes an optional mode parameter that specifies the behavior of out-of-bounds indexing. By default, invalid values (e.g., NaN) will be returned for out-of-bounds indices. In previous versions of JAX, invalid indices were clamped into range. The previous behavior can be restored by passing mode="clip".

    • jax.numpy.take() now defaults to mode="fill", which returns invalid values (e.g., NaN) for out-of-bounds indices.

    • Scatter operations, such as[...].set(...), now have "drop" semantics. This has no effect on the scatter operation itself, but it means that when differentiated the gradient of a scatter will yield zero cotangents for out-of-bounds indices. Previously out-of-bounds indices were clamped into range for the gradient, which was not mathematically correct.

    • jax.numpy.take_along_axis() now raises a TypeError if its indices are not of an integer type, matching the behavior of numpy.take_along_axis(). Previously non-integer indices were silently cast to integers.

    • jax.numpy.ravel_multi_index() now raises a TypeError if its dims argument is not of an integer type, matching the behavior of numpy.ravel_multi_index(). Previously non-integer dims was silently cast to integers.

    • jax.numpy.split() now raises a TypeError if its axis argument is not of an integer type, matching the behavior of numpy.split(). Previously non-integer axis was silently cast to integers.

    • jax.numpy.indices() now raises a TypeError if its dimensions are not of an integer type, matching the behavior of numpy.indices(). Previously non-integer dimensions were silently cast to integers.

    • jax.numpy.diag() now raises a TypeError if its k argument is not of an integer type, matching the behavior of numpy.diag(). Previously non-integer k was silently cast to integers.

    • Added jax.random.orthogonal().

  • Deprecations

    • Many functions and objects available in jax.test_util are now deprecated and will raise a warning on import. This includes cases_from_list, check_close, check_eq, device_under_test, format_shape_dtype_string, rand_uniform, skip_on_devices, with_config, xla_bridge, and _default_tolerance (#10389). These, along with previously-deprecated JaxTestCase, JaxTestLoader, and BufferDonationTestCase, will be removed in a future JAX release. Most of these utilities can be replaced by calls to standard python & numpy testing utilities found in e.g. unittest, absl.testing, numpy.testing, etc. JAX-specific functionality such as device checking can be replaced through the use of public APIs such as jax.devices(). Many of the deprecated utilities will still exist in jax._src.test_util, but these are not public APIs and as such may be changed or removed without notice in future releases.

jax 0.3.7 (April 15, 2022)#

jaxlib 0.3.7 (April 15, 2022)#

  • Changes:

    • Linux wheels are now built conforming to the manylinux2014 standard, instead of manylinux2010.

jax 0.3.6 (April 12, 2022)#

  • GitHub commits.

  • Changes:

    • Upgraded libtpu wheel to a version that fixes a hang when initializing a TPU pod. Fixes #10218.

  • Deprecations:

    • jax.experimental.loops is being deprecated. See #10278 for an alternative API.

jax 0.3.5 (April 7, 2022)#

jaxlib 0.3.5 (April 7, 2022)#

  • Bug fixes

    • Fixed a bug where double-precision complex-to-real IRFFTs would mutate their input buffers on GPU (#9946).

    • Fixed incorrect constant-folding of complex scatters (#10159)

jax 0.3.4 (March 18, 2022)#

jax 0.3.3 (March 17, 2022)#

jax 0.3.2 (March 16, 2022)#

  • GitHub commits.

  • Changes:

    • The functions jax.ops.index_update, jax.ops.index_add, which were deprecated in 0.2.22, have been removed. Please use the .at property on JAX arrays instead, e.g.,[idx].set(y).

    • Moved jax.experimental.ann.approx_*_k into jax.lax. These functions are optimized alternatives to jax.lax.top_k.

    • jax.numpy.broadcast_arrays() and jax.numpy.broadcast_to() now require scalar or array-like inputs, and will fail if they are passed lists (part of #7737).

    • The standard jax[tpu] install can now be used with Cloud TPU v4 VMs.

    • pjit now works on CPU (in addition to previous TPU and GPU support).

jaxlib 0.3.2 (March 16, 2022)#

  • Changes

    • XlaComputation.as_hlo_text() now supports printing large constants by passing boolean flag print_large_constants=True.

  • Deprecations:

    • The .block_host_until_ready() method on JAX arrays has been deprecated. Use .block_until_ready() instead.

jax 0.3.1 (Feb 18, 2022)#

jax 0.3.0 (Feb 10, 2022)#

jaxlib 0.3.0 (Feb 10, 2022)#

  • Changes

    • Bazel 5.0.0 is now required to build jaxlib.

    • jaxlib version has been bumped to 0.3.0. Please see the design doc for the explanation.

jax 0.2.28 (Feb 1, 2022)#

  • GitHub commits.

    • jax.jit(f).lower(...).compiler_ir() now defaults to the MHLO dialect if no dialect= is passed.

    • The jax.jit(f).lower(...).compiler_ir(dialect='mhlo') now returns an MLIR ir.Module object instead of its string representation.

jaxlib 0.1.76 (Jan 27, 2022)#

  • New features

    • Includes precompiled SASS for NVidia compute capability 8.0 GPUS (e.g. A100). Removes precompiled SASS for compute capability 6.1 so as not to increase the number of compute capabilities: GPUs with compute capability 6.1 can use the 6.0 SASS.

    • With jaxlib 0.1.76, JAX uses the MHLO MLIR dialect as its primary target compiler IR by default.

  • Breaking changes

    • Support for NumPy 1.18 has been dropped, per the deprecation policy. Please upgrade to a supported NumPy version.

  • Bug fixes

    • Fixed a bug where apparently identical pytreedef objects constructed by different routes do not compare as equal (#9066).

    • The JAX jit cache requires two static arguments to have identical types for a cache hit (#9311).

jax 0.2.27 (Jan 18 2022)#

  • GitHub commits.

  • Breaking changes:

    • Support for NumPy 1.18 has been dropped, per the deprecation policy. Please upgrade to a supported NumPy version.

    • The host_callback primitives have been simplified to drop the special autodiff handling for hcb.id_tap and id_print. From now on, only the primals are tapped. The old behavior can be obtained (for a limited time) by setting the JAX_HOST_CALLBACK_AD_TRANSFORMS environment variable, or the --jax_host_callback_ad_transforms flag. Additionally, added documentation for how to implement the old behavior using JAX custom AD APIs (#8678).

    • Sorting now matches the behavior of NumPy for 0.0 and NaN regardless of the bit representation. In particular, 0.0 and -0.0 are now treated as equivalent, where previously -0.0 was treated as less than 0.0. Additionally all NaN representations are now treated as equivalent and sorted to the end of the array. Previously negative NaN values were sorted to the front of the array, and NaN values with different internal bit representations were not treated as equivalent, and were sorted according to those bit patterns (#9178).

    • jax.numpy.unique() now treats NaN values in the same way as np.unique in NumPy versions 1.21 and newer: at most one NaN value will appear in the uniquified output (#9184).

  • Bug fixes:

    • host_callback now supports ad_checkpoint.checkpoint (#8907).

  • New features:

    • add jax.block_until_ready ({jax-issue}`#8941)

    • Added a new debugging flag/environment variable JAX_DUMP_IR_TO=/path. If set, JAX dumps the MHLO/HLO IR it generates for each computation to a file under the given path.

    • Added jax.ensure_compile_time_eval to the public api (#7987).

    • jax2tf now supports a flag jax2tf_associative_scan_reductions to change the lowering for associative reductions, e.g., jnp.cumsum, to behave like JAX on CPU and GPU (to use an associative scan). See the jax2tf README for more details (#9189).

jaxlib 0.1.75 (Dec 8, 2021)#

  • New features:

    • Support for python 3.10.

jax 0.2.26 (Dec 8, 2021)#

  • GitHub commits.

  • Bug fixes:

    • Out-of-bounds indices to jax.ops.segment_sum will now be handled with FILL_OR_DROP semantics, as documented. This primarily affects the reverse-mode derivative, where gradients corresponding to out-of-bounds indices will now be returned as 0. (#8634).

    • jax2tf will force the converted code to use XLA for the code fragments under jax.jit, e.g., most jax.numpy functions (#7839).

jaxlib 0.1.74 (Nov 17, 2021)#

  • Enabled peer-to-peer copies between GPUs. Previously, GPU copies were bounced via the host, which is usually slower.

  • Added experimental MLIR Python bindings for use by JAX.

jax 0.2.25 (Nov 10, 2021)#

  • GitHub commits.

  • New features:

    • (Experimental) jax.distributed.initialize exposes multi-host GPU backend.

    • jax.random.permutation supports new independent keyword argument (#8430)

  • Breaking changes

    • Moved jax.experimental.stax to jax.example_libraries.stax

    • Moved jax.experimental.optimizers to jax.example_libraries.optimizers

  • New features:

    • Added jax.lax.linalg.qdwh.

jax 0.2.24 (Oct 19, 2021)#

  • GitHub commits.

  • New features:

    • jax.random.choice and jax.random.permutation now support multidimensional arrays and an optional axis argument (#8158)

  • Breaking changes:

    • jax.numpy.take and jax.numpy.take_along_axis now require array-like inputs (see #7737)

jaxlib 0.1.73 (Oct 18, 2021)#

  • Multiple cuDNN versions are now supported for jaxlib GPU cuda11 wheels.

    • cuDNN 8.2 or newer. We recommend using the cuDNN 8.2 wheel if your cuDNN installation is new enough, since it supports additional functionality.

    • cuDNN 8.0.5 or newer.

  • Breaking changes:

    • The install commands for GPU jaxlib are as follows:

      pip install --upgrade pip
      # Installs the wheel compatible with CUDA 11 and cuDNN 8.2 or newer.
      pip install --upgrade "jax[cuda]" -f
      # Installs the wheel compatible with Cuda 11 and cudnn 8.2 or newer.
      pip install jax[cuda11_cudnn82] -f
      # Installs the wheel compatible with Cuda 11 and cudnn 8.0.5 or newer.
      pip install jax[cuda11_cudnn805] -f

jax 0.2.22 (Oct 12, 2021)#

  • GitHub commits.

  • Breaking Changes

    • Static arguments to jax.pmap must now be hashable.

      Unhashable static arguments have long been disallowed on jax.jit, but they were still permitted on jax.pmap; jax.pmap compared unhashable static arguments using object identity.

      This behavior is a footgun, since comparing arguments using object identity leads to recompilation each time the object identity changes. Instead, we now ban unhashable arguments: if a user of jax.pmap wants to compare static arguments by object identity, they can define __hash__ and __eq__ methods on their objects that do that, or wrap their objects in an object that has those operations with object identity semantics. Another option is to use functools.partial to encapsulate the unhashable static arguments into the function object.

    • jax.util.partial was an accidental export that has now been removed. Use functools.partial from the Python standard library instead.

  • Deprecations

    • The functions jax.ops.index_update, jax.ops.index_add etc. are deprecated and will be removed in a future JAX release. Please use the .at property on JAX arrays instead, e.g.,[idx].set(y). For now, these functions produce a DeprecationWarning.

  • New features:

    • An optimized C++ code-path improving the dispatch time for pmap is now the default when using jaxlib 0.1.72 or newer. The feature can be disabled using the --experimental_cpp_pmap flag (or JAX_CPP_PMAP environment variable).

    • jax.numpy.unique now supports an optional fill_value argument (#8121)

jaxlib 0.1.72 (Oct 12, 2021)#

  • Breaking changes:

    • Support for CUDA 10.2 and CUDA 10.1 has been dropped. Jaxlib now supports CUDA 11.1+.

  • Bug fixes:

    • Fixes, which caused wrong outputs on all platforms due to incorrect buffer aliasing inside the XLA compiler.

jax 0.2.21 (Sept 23, 2021)#

  • GitHub commits.

  • Breaking Changes

    • jax.api has been removed. Functions that were available as jax.api.* were aliases for functions in jax.*; please use the functions in jax.* instead.

    • jax.partial, and jax.lax.partial were accidental exports that have now been removed. Use functools.partial from the Python standard library instead.

    • Boolean scalar indices now raise a TypeError; previously this silently returned wrong results (#7925).

    • Many more jax.numpy functions now require array-like inputs, and will error if passed a list (#7747 #7802 #7907). See #7737 for a discussion of the rationale behind this change.

    • When inside a transformation such as jax.jit, jax.numpy.array always stages the array it produces into the traced computation. Previously jax.numpy.array would sometimes produce a on-device array, even under a jax.jit decorator. This change may break code that used JAX arrays to perform shape or index computations that must be known statically; the workaround is to perform such computations using classic NumPy arrays instead.

    • jnp.ndarray is now a true base-class for JAX arrays. In particular, this means that for a standard numpy array x, isinstance(x, jnp.ndarray) will now return False (#7927).

  • New features:

jax 0.2.20 (Sept 2, 2021)#

  • GitHub commits.

  • Breaking Changes

    • jnp.poly* functions now require array-like inputs (#7732)

    • jnp.unique and other set-like operations now require array-like inputs (#7662)

jaxlib 0.1.71 (Sep 1, 2021)#

  • Breaking changes:

    • Support for CUDA 11.0 and CUDA 10.1 has been dropped. Jaxlib now supports CUDA 10.2 and CUDA 11.1+.

jax 0.2.19 (Aug 12, 2021)#

  • GitHub commits.

  • Breaking changes:

    • Support for NumPy 1.17 has been dropped, per the deprecation policy. Please upgrade to a supported NumPy version.

    • The jit decorator has been added around the implementation of a number of operators on JAX arrays. This speeds up dispatch times for common operators such as +.

      This change should largely be transparent to most users. However, there is one known behavioral change, which is that large integer constants may now produce an error when passed directly to a JAX operator (e.g., x + 2**40). The workaround is to cast the constant to an explicit type (e.g., np.float64(2**40)).

  • New features:

    • Improved the support for shape polymorphism in jax2tf for operations that need to use a dimension size in array computation, e.g., jnp.mean. (#7317)

  • Bug fixes:

    • Some leaked trace errors from the previous release (#7613)

jaxlib 0.1.70 (Aug 9, 2021)#

  • Breaking changes:

    • Support for Python 3.6 has been dropped, per the deprecation policy. Please upgrade to a supported Python version.

    • Support for NumPy 1.17 has been dropped, per the deprecation policy. Please upgrade to a supported NumPy version.

    • The host_callback mechanism now uses one thread per local device for making the calls to the Python callbacks. Previously there was a single thread for all devices. This means that the callbacks may now be called interleaved. The callbacks corresponding to one device will still be called in sequence.

jax 0.2.18 (July 21 2021)#

  • GitHub commits.

  • Breaking changes:

    • Support for Python 3.6 has been dropped, per the deprecation policy. Please upgrade to a supported Python version.

    • The minimum jaxlib version is now 0.1.69.

    • The backend argument to jax.dlpack.from_dlpack() has been removed.

  • New features:

  • Bug fixes:

    • Tightened the checks for lax.argmin and lax.argmax to ensure they are not used with an invalid axis value, or with an empty reduction dimension. (#7196)

jaxlib 0.1.69 (July 9 2021)#

  • Fix bugs in TFRT CPU backend that results in incorrect results.

jax 0.2.17 (July 9 2021)#

jax 0.2.16 (June 23 2021)#

jax 0.2.15 (June 23 2021)#

  • GitHub commits.

  • New features:

    • #7042 Turned on TFRT CPU backend with significant dispatch performance improvements on CPU.

    • The jax2tf.convert() supports inequalities and min/max for booleans (#6956).

    • New SciPy function jax.scipy.special.lpmn_values().

  • Breaking changes:

  • Bug fixes:

    • Fixed bug that prevented round-tripping from JAX to TF and back: jax2tf.call_tf(jax2tf.convert) (#6947).

jaxlib 0.1.68 (June 23 2021)#

  • Bug fixes:

    • Fixed bug in TFRT CPU backend that gets nans when transfer TPU buffer to CPU.

jax 0.2.14 (June 10 2021)#

  • GitHub commits.

  • New features:

    • The jax2tf.convert() now has support for pjit and sharded_jit.

    • A new configuration option JAX_TRACEBACK_FILTERING controls how JAX filters tracebacks.

    • A new traceback filtering mode using __tracebackhide__ is now enabled by default in sufficiently recent versions of IPython.

    • The jax2tf.convert() supports shape polymorphism even when the unknown dimensions are used in arithmetic operations, e.g., jnp.reshape(-1) (#6827).

    • The jax2tf.convert() generates custom attributes with location information in TF ops. The code that XLA generates after jax2tf has the same location information as JAX/XLA.

    • New SciPy function jax.scipy.special.lpmn().

  • Bug fixes:

    • The jax2tf.convert() now ensures that it uses the same typing rules for Python scalars and for choosing 32-bit vs. 64-bit computations as JAX (#6883).

    • The jax2tf.convert() now scopes the enable_xla conversion parameter properly to apply only during the just-in-time conversion (#6720).

    • The jax2tf.convert() now converts lax.dot_general using the XlaDot TensorFlow op, for better fidelity w.r.t. JAX numerical precision (#6717).

    • The jax2tf.convert() now has support for inequality comparisons and min/max for complex numbers (#6892).

jaxlib 0.1.67 (May 17 2021)#

jaxlib 0.1.66 (May 11 2021)#

  • New features:

    • CUDA 11.1 wheels are now supported on all CUDA 11 versions 11.1 or higher.

      NVidia now promises compatibility between CUDA minor releases starting with CUDA 11.1. This means that JAX can release a single CUDA 11.1 wheel that is compatible with CUDA 11.2 and 11.3.

      There is no longer a separate jaxlib release for CUDA 11.2 (or higher); use the CUDA 11.1 wheel for those versions (cuda111).

    • Jaxlib now bundles libdevice.10.bc in CUDA wheels. There should be no need to point JAX to a CUDA installation to find this file.

    • Added automatic support for static keyword arguments to the jit() implementation.

    • Added support for pretransformation exception traces.

    • Initial support for pruning unused arguments from jit() -transformed computations. Pruning is still a work in progress.

    • Improved the string representation of PyTreeDef objects.

    • Added support for XLA’s variadic ReduceWindow.

  • Bug fixes:

    • Fixed a bug in the remote cloud TPU support when large numbers of arguments are passed to a computation.

    • Fix a bug that meant that JAX garbage collection was not triggered by jit() transformed functions.

jax 0.2.13 (May 3 2021)#

  • GitHub commits.

  • New features:

    • When combined with jaxlib 0.1.66, jax.jit() now supports static keyword arguments. A new static_argnames option has been added to specify keyword arguments as static.

    • jax.nonzero() has a new optional size argument that allows it to be used within jit (#6501)

    • jax.numpy.unique() now supports the axis argument (#6532).

    • now supports pjit.pjit (#6569).

    • Added jax.scipy.linalg.eigh_tridiagonal() that computes the eigenvalues of a tridiagonal matrix. Only eigenvalues are supported at present.

    • The order of the filtered and unfiltered stack traces in exceptions has been changed. The traceback attached to an exception thrown from JAX-transformed code is now filtered, with an UnfilteredStackTrace exception containing the original trace as the __cause__ of the filtered exception. Filtered stack traces now also work with Python 3.6.

    • If an exception is thrown by code that has been transformed by reverse-mode automatic differentiation, JAX now attempts to attach as a __cause__ of the exception a JaxStackTraceBeforeTransformation object that contains the stack trace that created the original operation in the forward pass. Requires jaxlib 0.1.66.

  • Breaking changes:

    • The following function names have changed. There are still aliases, so this should not break existing code, but the aliases will eventually be removed so please change your code.

    • Similarly, the argument to local_devices() has been renamed from host_id to process_index.

    • Arguments to jax.jit() other than the function are now marked as keyword-only. This change is to prevent accidental breakage when arguments are added to jit.

  • Bug fixes:

    • The jax2tf.convert() now works in presence of gradients for functions with integer inputs (#6360).

    • Fixed assertion failure in jax2tf.call_tf() when used with captured tf.Variable (#6572).

jaxlib 0.1.65 (April 7 2021)#

jax 0.2.12 (April 1 2021)#

  • GitHub commits.

  • New features

  • Breaking changes:

    • The minimum jaxlib version is now 0.1.64.

    • Some profiler APIs names have been changed. There are still aliases, so this should not break existing code, but the aliases will eventually be removed so please change your code.

    • Omnistaging can no longer be disabled. See omnistaging for more information.

    • Python integers larger than the maximum int64 value will now lead to an overflow in all cases, rather than being silently converted to uint64 in some cases (#6047).

    • Outside X64 mode, Python integers outside the range representable by int32 will now lead to an OverflowError rather than having their value silently truncated.

  • Bug fixes:

    • host_callback now supports empty arrays in arguments and results (#6262).

    • jax.random.randint() clips rather than wraps of out-of-bounds limits, and can now generate integers in the full range of the specified dtype (#5868)

jax 0.2.11 (March 23 2021)#

  • GitHub commits.

  • New features:

    • #6112 added context managers: jax.enable_checks, jax.check_tracer_leaks, jax.debug_nans, jax.debug_infs, jax.log_compiles.

    • #6085 added jnp.delete

  • Bug fixes:

    • #6136 generalized jax.flatten_util.ravel_pytree to handle integer dtypes.

    • #6129 fixed a bug with handling some constants like enum.IntEnums

    • #6145 fixed batching issues with incomplete beta functions

    • #6014 fixed H2D transfers during tracing

    • #6165 avoids OverflowErrors when converting some large Python integers to floats

  • Breaking changes:

    • The minimum jaxlib version is now 0.1.62.

jaxlib 0.1.64 (March 18 2021)#

jaxlib 0.1.63 (March 17 2021)#

jax 0.2.10 (March 5 2021)#

  • GitHub commits.

  • New features:

    • jax.scipy.stats.chi2() is now available as a distribution with logpdf and pdf methods.

    • jax.scipy.stats.betabinom() is now available as a distribution with logpmf and pmf methods.

    • Added jax.experimental.jax2tf.call_tf() to call TensorFlow functions from JAX (#5627) and README).

    • Extended the batching rule for lax.pad to support batching of the padding values.

  • Bug fixes:

  • Breaking changes:

    • JAX’s promotion rules were adjusted to make promotion more consistent and invariant to JIT. In particular, binary operations can now result in weakly-typed values when appropriate. The main user-visible effect of the change is that some operations result in outputs of different precision than before; for example the expression jnp.bfloat16(1) + 0.1 * jnp.arange(10) previously returned a float64 array, and now returns a bfloat16 array. JAX’s type promotion behavior is described at Type promotion semantics.

    • jax.numpy.linspace() now computes the floor of integer values, i.e., rounding towards -inf rather than 0. This change was made to match NumPy 1.20.0.

    • jax.numpy.i0() no longer accepts complex numbers. Previously the function computed the absolute value of complex arguments. This change was made to match the semantics of NumPy 1.20.0.

    • Several jax.numpy functions no longer accept tuples or lists in place of array arguments: jax.numpy.pad(), :funcjax.numpy.ravel, jax.numpy.repeat(), jax.numpy.reshape(). In general, jax.numpy functions should be used with scalars or array arguments.

jaxlib 0.1.62 (March 9 2021)#

  • New features:

    • jaxlib wheels are now built to require AVX instructions on x86-64 machines by default. If you want to use JAX on a machine that doesn’t support AVX, you can build a jaxlib from source using the --target_cpu_features flag to --target_cpu_features also replaces --enable_march_native.

jaxlib 0.1.61 (February 12 2021)#

jaxlib 0.1.60 (February 3 2021)#

  • Bug fixes:

    • Fixed a memory leak when converting CPU DeviceArrays to NumPy arrays. The memory leak was present in jaxlib releases 0.1.58 and 0.1.59.

    • bool, int8, and uint8 are now considered safe to cast to bfloat16 NumPy extension type.

jax 0.2.9 (January 26 2021)#

  • GitHub commits.

  • New features:

  • Breaking changes:

    • jax.ops.segment_sum() now drops segment IDs that are out of range rather than wrapping them into the segment ID space. This was done for performance reasons.

jaxlib 0.1.59 (January 15 2021)#

jax 0.2.8 (January 12 2021)#

  • GitHub commits.

  • New features:

  • Bug fixes:

    • jax.numpy.arccosh now returns the same branch as numpy.arccosh for complex inputs (#5156)

    • host_callback.id_tap now works for jax.pmap also. There is an optional parameter for id_tap and id_print to request that the device from which the value is tapped be passed as a keyword argument to the tap function (#5182).

  • Breaking changes:

  • New features:

    • New flag for debugging inf, analogous to that for NaN (#5224).

jax 0.2.7 (Dec 4 2020)#

  • GitHub commits.

  • New features:

    • Add jax.device_put_replicated

    • Add multi-host support to jax.experimental.sharded_jit

    • Add support for differentiating eigenvalues computed by jax.numpy.linalg.eig

    • Add support for building on Windows platforms

    • Add support for general in_axes and out_axes in jax.pmap

    • Add complex support for jax.numpy.linalg.slogdet

  • Bug fixes:

    • Fix higher-than-second order derivatives of jax.numpy.sinc at zero

    • Fix some hard-to-hit bugs around symbolic zeros in transpose rules

  • Breaking changes:

    • jax.experimental.optix has been deleted, in favor of the standalone optax Python package.

    • indexing of JAX arrays with non-tuple sequences now raises a TypeError. This type of indexing has been deprecated in Numpy since v1.16, and in JAX since v0.2.4. See #4564.

jax 0.2.6 (Nov 18 2020)#

  • GitHub commits.

  • New Features:

    • Add support for shape-polymorphic tracing for the jax.experimental.jax2tf converter. See

  • Breaking change cleanup

    • Raise an error on non-hashable static arguments for jax.jit and xla_computation. See cb48f42.

    • Improve consistency of type promotion behavior (#4744):

      • Adding a complex Python scalar to a JAX floating point number respects the precision of the JAX float. For example, jnp.float32(1) + 1j now returns complex64, where previously it returned complex128.

      • Results of type promotion with 3 or more terms involving uint64, a signed int, and a third type are now independent of the order of arguments. For example: jnp.result_type(jnp.uint64, jnp.int64, jnp.float16) and jnp.result_type(jnp.float16, jnp.uint64, jnp.int64) both return float16, where previously the first returned float64 and the second returned float16.

    • The contents of the (undocumented) jax.lax_linalg linear algebra module are now exposed publicly as jax.lax.linalg.

    • jax.random.PRNGKey now produces the same results in and out of JIT compilation (#4877). This required changing the result for a given seed in a few particular cases:

      • With jax_enable_x64=False, negative seeds passed as Python integers now return a different result outside JIT mode. For example, jax.random.PRNGKey(-1) previously returned [4294967295, 4294967295], and now returns [0, 4294967295]. This matches the behavior in JIT.

      • Seeds outside the range representable by int64 outside JIT now result in an OverflowError rather than a TypeError. This matches the behavior in JIT.

      To recover the keys returned previously for negative integers with jax_enable_x64=False outside JIT, you can use:

      key = random.PRNGKey(-1).at[0].set(0xFFFFFFFF)
    • DeviceArray now raises RuntimeError instead of ValueError when trying to access its value while it has been deleted.

jaxlib 0.1.58 (January 12ish 2021)#

  • Fixed a bug that meant JAX sometimes return platform-specific types (e.g., np.cint) instead of standard types (e.g., np.int32). (#4903)

  • Fixed a crash when constant-folding certain int16 operations. (#4971)

  • Added an is_leaf predicate to pytree.flatten().

jaxlib 0.1.57 (November 12 2020)#

  • Fixed manylinux2010 compliance issues in GPU wheels.

  • Switched the CPU FFT implementation from Eigen to PocketFFT.

  • Fixed a bug where the hash of bfloat16 values was not correctly initialized and could change (#4651).

  • Add support for retaining ownership when passing arrays to DLPack (#4636).

  • Fixed a bug for batched triangular solves with sizes greater than 128 but not a multiple of 128.

  • Fixed a bug when performing concurrent FFTs on multiple GPUs (#3518).

  • Fixed a bug in profiler where tools are missing (#4427).

  • Dropped support for CUDA 10.0.

jax 0.2.5 (October 27 2020)#

jax 0.2.4 (October 19 2020)#

  • GitHub commits.

  • Improvements:

    • Add support for remat to jax.experimental.host_callback. See #4608.

  • Deprecations

    • Indexing with non-tuple sequences is now deprecated, following a similar deprecation in Numpy. In a future release, this will result in a TypeError. See #4564.

jaxlib 0.1.56 (October 14, 2020)#

jax 0.2.3 (October 14 2020)#

  • GitHub commits.

  • The reason for another release so soon is we need to temporarily roll back a new jit fastpath while we look into a performance degradation

jax 0.2.2 (October 13 2020)#

jax 0.2.1 (October 6 2020)#

jax (0.2.0) (September 23 2020)#

jax (0.1.77) (September 15 2020)#

jaxlib 0.1.55 (September 8, 2020)#

  • Update XLA:

    • Fix bug in DLPackManagedTensorToBuffer (#4196)

jax 0.1.76 (September 8, 2020)#

jax 0.1.75 (July 30, 2020)#

  • GitHub commits.

  • Bug Fixes:

    • make jnp.abs() work for unsigned inputs (#3914)

  • Improvements:

    • “Omnistaging” behavior added behind a flag, disabled by default (#3370)

jax 0.1.74 (July 29, 2020)#

  • GitHub commits.

  • New Features:

    • BFGS (#3101)

    • TPU support for half-precision arithmetic (#3878)

  • Bug Fixes:

    • Prevent some accidental dtype warnings (#3874)

    • Fix a multi-threading bug in custom derivatives (#3845, #3869)

  • Improvements:

    • Faster searchsorted implementation (#3873)

    • Better test coverage for jax.numpy sorting algorithms (#3836)

jaxlib 0.1.52 (July 22, 2020)#

  • Update XLA.

jax 0.1.73 (July 22, 2020)#

  • GitHub commits.

  • The minimum jaxlib version is now 0.1.51.

  • New Features:

    • jax.image.resize. (#3703)

    • hfft and ihfft (#3664)

    • jax.numpy.intersect1d (#3726)

    • jax.numpy.lexsort (#3812)

    • lax.scan and the scan primitive support an unroll parameter for loop unrolling when lowering to XLA (#3738).

  • Bug Fixes:

    • Fix reduction repeated axis error (#3618)

    • Fix shape rule for lax.pad for input dimensions of size 0. (#3608)

    • make psum transpose handle zero cotangents (#3653)

    • Fix shape error when taking JVP of reduce-prod over size 0 axis. (#3729)

    • Support differentiation through jax.lax.all_to_all (#3733)

    • address nan issue in jax.scipy.special.zeta (#3777)

  • Improvements:

    • Many improvements to jax2tf

    • Reimplement argmin/argmax using a single pass variadic reduction. (#3611)

    • Enable XLA SPMD partitioning by default. (#3151)

    • Add support for 0d transpose convolution (#3643)

    • Make LU gradient work for low-rank matrices (#3610)

    • support multiple_results and custom JVPs in jet (#3657)

    • Generalize reduce-window padding to support (lo, hi) pairs. (#3728)

    • Implement complex convolutions on CPU and GPU. (#3735)

    • Make jnp.take work for empty slices of empty arrays. (#3751)

    • Relax dimension ordering rules for dot_general. (#3778)

    • Enable buffer donation for GPU. (#3800)

    • Add support for base dilation and window dilation to reduce window op… (#3803)

jaxlib 0.1.51 (July 2, 2020)#

  • Update XLA.

  • Add new runtime support for host_callback.

jax 0.1.72 (June 28, 2020)#

jax 0.1.71 (June 25, 2020)#

  • GitHub commits.

  • The minimum jaxlib version is now 0.1.48.

  • Bug fixes:

    • Allow jax.experimental.ode.odeint dynamics functions to close over values with respect to which we’re differentiating #3562.

jaxlib 0.1.50 (June 25, 2020)#

  • Add support for CUDA 11.0.

  • Drop support for CUDA 9.2 (we only maintain support for the last four CUDA versions.)

  • Update XLA.

jaxlib 0.1.49 (June 19, 2020)#

jaxlib 0.1.48 (June 12, 2020)#

  • New features:

    • Adds support for fast traceback collection.

    • Adds preliminary support for on-device heap profiling.

    • Implements np.nextafter for bfloat16 types.

    • Complex128 support for FFTs on CPU and GPU.

  • Bug fixes:

    • Improved float64 tanh accuracy on GPU.

    • float64 scatters on GPU are much faster.

    • Complex matrix multiplication on CPU should be much faster.

    • Stable sorts on CPU should actually be stable now.

    • Concurrency bug fix in CPU backend.

jax 0.1.70 (June 8, 2020)#

  • GitHub commits.

  • New features:

    • lax.switch introduces indexed conditionals with multiple branches, together with a generalization of the cond primitive #3318.

jax 0.1.69 (June 3, 2020)#

jax 0.1.68 (May 21, 2020)#

jax 0.1.67 (May 12, 2020)#

  • GitHub commits.

  • New features:

    • Support for reduction over subsets of a pmapped axis using axis_index_groups #2382.

    • Experimental support for printing and calling host-side Python function from compiled code. See id_print and id_tap (#3006).

  • Notable changes:

    • The visibility of names exported from jax.numpy has been tightened. This may break code that was making use of names that were previously exported accidentally.

jaxlib 0.1.47 (May 8, 2020)#

  • Fixes crash for outfeed.

jax 0.1.66 (May 5, 2020)#

jaxlib 0.1.46 (May 5, 2020)#

  • Fixes crash for linear algebra functions on Mac OS X (#432).

  • Fixes an illegal instruction crash caused by using AVX512 instructions when an operating system or hypervisor disabled them (#2906).

jax 0.1.65 (April 30, 2020)#

  • GitHub commits.

  • New features:

    • Differentiation of determinants of singular matrices #2809.

  • Bug fixes:

    • Fix odeint() differentiation with respect to time of ODEs with time-dependent dynamics #2817, also add ODE CI testing.

    • Fix lax_linalg.qr() differentiation #2867.

jaxlib 0.1.45 (April 21, 2020)#

  • Fixes segfault: #2755

  • Plumb is_stable option on Sort HLO through to Python.

jax 0.1.64 (April 21, 2020)#

jaxlib 0.1.44 (April 16, 2020)#

  • Fixes a bug where if multiple GPUs of different models were present, JAX would only compile programs suitable for the first GPU.

  • Bugfix for batch_group_count convolutions.

  • Added precompiled SASS for more GPU versions to avoid startup PTX compilation hang.

jax 0.1.63 (April 12, 2020)#

  • GitHub commits.

  • Added jax.custom_jvp and jax.custom_vjp from #2026, see the tutorial notebook. Deprecated jax.custom_transforms and removed it from the docs (though it still works).

  • Add #2566.

  • Changed how Tracers are printed to show more useful information for debugging #2591.

  • Made jax.numpy.isclose handle nan and inf correctly #2501.

  • Added several new rules for jax.experimental.jet #2537.

  • Fixed jax.experimental.stax.BatchNorm when scale/center isn’t provided.

  • Fix some missing cases of broadcasting in jax.numpy.einsum #2512.

  • Implement jax.numpy.cumsum and jax.numpy.cumprod in terms of a parallel prefix scan #2596 and make reduce_prod differentiable to arbitrary order #2597.

  • Add batch_group_count to conv_general_dilated #2635.

  • Add docstring for test_util.check_grads #2656.

  • Add callback_transform #2665.

  • Implement rollaxis, convolve/correlate 1d & 2d, copysign, trunc, roots, and quantile/percentile interpolation options.

jaxlib 0.1.43 (March 31, 2020)#

  • Fixed a performance regression for Resnet-50 on GPU.

jax 0.1.62 (March 21, 2020)#

  • GitHub commits.

  • JAX has dropped support for Python 3.5. Please upgrade to Python 3.6 or newer.

  • Removed the internal function lax._safe_mul, which implemented the convention 0. * nan == 0.. This change means some programs when differentiated will produce nans when they previously produced correct values, though it ensures nans rather than silently incorrect results are produced for other programs. See #2447 and #1052 for details.

  • Added an all_gather parallel convenience function.

  • More type annotations in core code.

jaxlib 0.1.42 (March 19, 2020)#

  • jaxlib 0.1.41 broke cloud TPU support due to an API incompatibility. This release fixes it again.

  • JAX has dropped support for Python 3.5. Please upgrade to Python 3.6 or newer.

jax 0.1.61 (March 17, 2020)#

  • GitHub commits.

  • Fixes Python 3.5 support. This will be the last JAX or jaxlib release that supports Python 3.5.

jax 0.1.60 (March 17, 2020)#

  • GitHub commits.

  • New features:

    • jax.pmap() has static_broadcast_argnums argument which allows the user to specify arguments that should be treated as compile-time constants and should be broadcasted to all devices. It works analogously to static_argnums in jax.jit().

    • Improved error messages for when tracers are mistakenly saved in global state.

    • Added jax.nn.one_hot() utility function.

    • Added jax.experimental.jet for exponentially faster higher-order automatic differentiation.

    • Added more correctness checking to arguments of jax.lax.broadcast_in_dim().

  • The minimum jaxlib version is now 0.1.41.

jaxlib 0.1.40 (March 4, 2020)#

  • Adds experimental support in Jaxlib for TensorFlow profiler, which allows tracing of CPU and GPU computations from TensorBoard.

  • Includes prototype support for multihost GPU computations that communicate via NCCL.

  • Improves performance of NCCL collectives on GPU.

  • Adds TopK, CustomCallWithoutLayout, CustomCallWithLayout, IGammaGradA and RandomGamma implementations.

  • Supports device assignments known at XLA compilation time.

jax 0.1.59 (February 11, 2020)#

  • GitHub commits.

  • Breaking changes

    • The minimum jaxlib version is now 0.1.38.

    • Simplified Jaxpr by removing the Jaxpr.freevars and Jaxpr.bound_subjaxprs. The call primitives (xla_call, xla_pmap, sharded_call, and remat_call) get a new parameter call_jaxpr with a fully-closed (no constvars) jaxpr. Also, added a new field call_primitive to primitives.

  • New features:

    • Reverse-mode automatic differentiation (e.g. grad) of lax.cond, making it now differentiable in both modes (#2091)

    • JAX now supports DLPack, which allows sharing CPU and GPU arrays in a zero-copy way with other libraries, such as PyTorch.

    • JAX GPU DeviceArrays now support __cuda_array_interface__, which is another zero-copy protocol for sharing GPU arrays with other libraries such as CuPy and Numba.

    • JAX CPU device buffers now implement the Python buffer protocol, which allows zero-copy buffer sharing between JAX and NumPy.

    • Added JAX_SKIP_SLOW_TESTS environment variable to skip tests known as slow.

jaxlib 0.1.39 (February 11, 2020)#

  • Updates XLA.

jaxlib 0.1.38 (January 29, 2020)#

  • CUDA 9.0 is no longer supported.

  • CUDA 10.2 wheels are now built by default.

jax 0.1.58 (January 28, 2020)#

Notable bug fixes#

  • With the Python 3 upgrade, JAX no longer depends on fastcache, which should help with installation.