abstract property ndarray.at[source]#

Helper property for index update functionality.

The at property provides a functionally pure equivalent of in-place array modifications.

In particular:

Alternate syntax

Equivalent In-place expression

x = x.at[idx].set(y)

x[idx] = y

x = x.at[idx].add(y)

x[idx] += y

x = x.at[idx].multiply(y)

x[idx] *= y

x = x.at[idx].divide(y)

x[idx] /= y

x = x.at[idx].power(y)

x[idx] **= y

x = x.at[idx].min(y)

x[idx] = minimum(x[idx], y)

x = x.at[idx].max(y)

x[idx] = maximum(x[idx], y)

x = x.at[idx].apply(ufunc)

ufunc.at(x, idx)

x = x.at[idx].get()

x = x[idx]

None of the x.at expressions modify the original x; instead they return a modified copy of x. However, inside a jit() compiled function, expressions like x = x.at[idx].set(y) are guaranteed to be applied in-place.

Unlike NumPy in-place operations such as x[idx] += y, if multiple indices refer to the same location, all updates will be applied (NumPy would only apply the last update, rather than applying all updates.) The order in which conflicting updates are applied is implementation-defined and may be nondeterministic (e.g., due to concurrency on some hardware platforms).

By default, JAX assumes that all indices are in-bounds. Alternative out-of-bound index semantics can be specified via the mode parameter (see below).

  • mode (str) –

    Specify out-of-bound indexing mode. Options are:

    • "promise_in_bounds": (default) The user promises that indices are in bounds. No additional checking will be performed. In practice, this means that out-of-bounds indices in get() will be clipped, and out-of-bounds indices in set(), add(), etc. will be dropped.

    • "clip": clamp out of bounds indices into valid range.

    • "drop": ignore out-of-bound indices.

    • "fill": alias for "drop". For get(), the optional fill_value argument specifies the value that will be returned.

      See jax.lax.GatherScatterMode for more details.

  • indices_are_sorted (bool) – If True, the implementation will assume that the indices passed to at[] are sorted in ascending order, which can lead to more efficient execution on some backends.

  • unique_indices (bool) – If True, the implementation will assume that the indices passed to at[] are unique, which can result in more efficient execution on some backends.

  • fill_value (Any) – Only applies to the get() method: the fill value to return for out-of-bounds slices when mode is 'fill'. Ignored otherwise. Defaults to NaN for inexact types, the largest negative value for signed types, the largest positive value for unsigned types, and True for booleans.


>>> x = jnp.arange(5.0)
>>> x
Array([0., 1., 2., 3., 4.], dtype=float32)
>>> x.at[2].add(10)
Array([ 0.,  1., 12.,  3.,  4.], dtype=float32)
>>> x.at[10].add(10)  # out-of-bounds indices are ignored
Array([0., 1., 2., 3., 4.], dtype=float32)
>>> x.at[20].add(10, mode='clip')
Array([ 0.,  1.,  2.,  3., 14.], dtype=float32)
>>> x.at[2].get()
Array(2., dtype=float32)
>>> x.at[20].get()  # out-of-bounds indices clipped
Array(4., dtype=float32)
>>> x.at[20].get(mode='fill')  # out-of-bounds indices filled with NaN
Array(nan, dtype=float32)
>>> x.at[20].get(mode='fill', fill_value=-1)  # custom fill value
Array(-1., dtype=float32)