jax.scipy.signal.stft(x, fs=1.0, window='hann', nperseg=256, noverlap=None, nfft=None, detrend=False, return_onesided=True, boundary='zeros', padded=True, axis=-1)[source]#

Compute the short-time Fourier transform (STFT).

JAX implementation of scipy.signal.stft().

  • x (Array) – Array representing a time series of input values.

  • fs (jax.typing.ArrayLike) – Sampling frequency of the time series (default: 1.0).

  • window (str) – Data tapering window to apply to each segment. Can be a window function name, a tuple specifying a window length and function, or an array (default: 'hann').

  • nperseg (int) – Length of each segment (default: 256).

  • noverlap (int | None) – Number of points to overlap between segments (default: nperseg // 2).

  • nfft (int | None) – Length of the FFT used, if a zero-padded FFT is desired. If None (default), the FFT length is nperseg.

  • detrend (bool) – Specifies how to detrend each segment. Can be False (default: no detrending), 'constant' (remove mean), 'linear' (remove linear trend), or a callable accepting a segment and returning a detrended segment.

  • return_onesided (bool) – If True (default), return a one-sided spectrum for real inputs. If False, return a two-sided spectrum.

  • boundary (str | None) – Specifies whether the input signal is extended at both ends, and how. Options are None (no extension), 'zeros' (default), 'even', 'odd', or 'constant'.

  • padded (bool) – Specifies whether the input signal is zero-padded at the end to make its length a multiple of nperseg. If True (default), the padded signal length is the next multiple of nperseg.

  • axis (int) – Axis along which the STFT is computed; the default is over the last axis (-1).


A length-3 tuple of arrays (f, t, Zxx). f is the Array of sample frequencies. t is the Array of segment times, and Zxx is the STFT of x.

Return type:

tuple[Array, Array, Array]

See also

jax.scipy.signal.istft(): inverse short-time Fourier transform.