# Source code for jax._src.lax.other

```
# Copyright 2020 The JAX Authors.
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
# https://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.
import math
from typing import Any, Optional, Sequence, Tuple, Union, cast as type_cast
import jax
from jax._src.numpy import lax_numpy as jnp
from jax._src.lax import lax
from jax._src.lax import convolution
DType = Any
[docs]def conv_general_dilated_patches(
lhs: jax.typing.ArrayLike,
filter_shape: Sequence[int],
window_strides: Sequence[int],
padding: Union[str, Sequence[Tuple[int, int]]],
lhs_dilation: Optional[Sequence[int]] = None,
rhs_dilation: Optional[Sequence[int]] = None,
dimension_numbers: Optional[convolution.ConvGeneralDilatedDimensionNumbers] = None,
precision: Optional[lax.PrecisionType] = None,
preferred_element_type: Optional[DType] = None,
) -> jax.Array:
"""Extract patches subject to the receptive field of `conv_general_dilated`.
Runs the input through a convolution with given parameters. The kernel of the
convolution is constructed such that the output channel dimension `"C"`
contains flattened image patches, so instead a single `"C"` dimension
represents, for example, three dimensions `"chw"` collapsed. The order of
these dimensions is `"c" + ''.join(c for c in rhs_spec if c not in 'OI')`,
where `rhs_spec == dimension_numbers[1]`, and the size of this `"C"`
dimension is therefore the size of each patch, i.e.
`np.prod(filter_shape) * lhs.shape[lhs_spec.index('C')]`, where
`lhs_spec == dimension_numbers[0]`.
Docstring below adapted from `jax.lax.conv_general_dilated`.
See Also:
https://www.tensorflow.org/xla/operation_semantics#conv_convolution
Args:
lhs: a rank `n+2` dimensional input array.
filter_shape: a sequence of `n` integers, representing the receptive window
spatial shape in the order as specified in
`rhs_spec = dimension_numbers[1]`.
window_strides: a sequence of `n` integers, representing the inter-window
strides.
padding: either the string `'SAME'`, the string `'VALID'`, or a sequence of
`n` `(low, high)` integer pairs that give the padding to apply before and
after each spatial dimension.
lhs_dilation: `None`, or a sequence of `n` integers, giving the
dilation factor to apply in each spatial dimension of `lhs`. LHS dilation
is also known as transposed convolution.
rhs_dilation: `None`, or a sequence of `n` integers, giving the
dilation factor to apply in each spatial dimension of `rhs`. RHS dilation
is also known as atrous convolution.
dimension_numbers: either `None`, or a 3-tuple
`(lhs_spec, rhs_spec, out_spec)`, where each element is a string
of length `n+2`. `None` defaults to `("NCHWD..., OIHWD..., NCHWD...")`.
precision: Optional. Either ``None``, which means the default precision for
the backend, or a :class:`~jax.lax.Precision` enum value (``Precision.DEFAULT``,
``Precision.HIGH`` or ``Precision.HIGHEST``).
preferred_element_type: Optional. Either ``None``, which means the default
accumulation type for the input types, or a datatype, indicating to
accumulate results to and return a result with that datatype.
Returns:
A rank `n+2` array containing the flattened image patches in the output
channel (`"C"`) dimension. For example if
`dimension_numbers = ("NcHW", "OIwh", "CNHW")`, the output has dimension
numbers `"CNHW" = "{cwh}NHW"`, with the size of dimension `"C"` equal to
the size of each patch
(`np.prod(filter_shape) * lhs.shape[lhs_spec.index('C')]`).
"""
lhs_array = jnp.asarray(lhs)
filter_shape = tuple(filter_shape)
dimension_numbers = convolution.conv_dimension_numbers(
lhs_array.shape, (1, 1) + filter_shape, dimension_numbers)
lhs_spec, rhs_spec, out_spec = dimension_numbers
spatial_size = math.prod(filter_shape)
n_channels = lhs_array.shape[lhs_spec[1]]
# Move separate `lhs` spatial locations into separate `rhs` channels.
rhs = jnp.eye(spatial_size, dtype=lhs_array.dtype).reshape(filter_shape * 2)
rhs = rhs.reshape((spatial_size, 1) + filter_shape)
rhs = jnp.tile(rhs, (n_channels,) + (1,) * (rhs.ndim - 1))
rhs = jnp.moveaxis(rhs, (0, 1), (rhs_spec[0], rhs_spec[1]))
out = convolution.conv_general_dilated(
lhs=lhs_array,
rhs=rhs,
window_strides=window_strides,
padding=padding,
lhs_dilation=lhs_dilation,
rhs_dilation=rhs_dilation,
dimension_numbers=dimension_numbers,
precision=None if precision is None else (precision,
lax.Precision.DEFAULT),
feature_group_count=n_channels,
preferred_element_type=preferred_element_type
)
return out
[docs]def conv_general_dilated_local(
lhs: jax.typing.ArrayLike,
rhs: jax.typing.ArrayLike,
window_strides: Sequence[int],
padding: Union[str, Sequence[Tuple[int, int]]],
filter_shape: Sequence[int],
lhs_dilation: Optional[Sequence[int]] = None,
rhs_dilation: Optional[Sequence[int]] = None,
dimension_numbers: Optional[convolution.ConvGeneralDilatedDimensionNumbers] = None,
precision: lax.PrecisionLike = None
) -> jax.Array:
"""General n-dimensional unshared convolution operator with optional dilation.
Also known as locally connected layer, the operation is equivalent to
convolution with a separate (unshared) `rhs` kernel used at each output
spatial location. Docstring below adapted from `jax.lax.conv_general_dilated`.
See Also:
https://www.tensorflow.org/xla/operation_semantics#conv_convolution
Args:
lhs: a rank `n+2` dimensional input array.
rhs: a rank `n+2` dimensional array of kernel weights. Unlike in regular
CNNs, its spatial coordinates (`H`, `W`, ...) correspond to output spatial
locations, while input spatial locations are fused with the input channel
locations in the single `I` dimension, in the order of
`"C" + ''.join(c for c in rhs_spec if c not in 'OI')`, where
`rhs_spec = dimension_numbers[1]`. For example, if `rhs_spec == "WHIO",
the unfolded kernel shape is
`"[output W][output H]{I[receptive window W][receptive window H]}O"`.
window_strides: a sequence of `n` integers, representing the inter-window
strides.
padding: either the string `'SAME'`, the string `'VALID'`, or a sequence of
`n` `(low, high)` integer pairs that give the padding to apply before and
after each spatial dimension.
filter_shape: a sequence of `n` integers, representing the receptive window
spatial shape in the order as specified in
`rhs_spec = dimension_numbers[1]`.
lhs_dilation: `None`, or a sequence of `n` integers, giving the
dilation factor to apply in each spatial dimension of `lhs`. LHS dilation
is also known as transposed convolution.
rhs_dilation: `None`, or a sequence of `n` integers, giving the
dilation factor to apply in each input spatial dimension of `rhs`.
RHS dilation is also known as atrous convolution.
dimension_numbers: either `None`, a `ConvDimensionNumbers` object, or
a 3-tuple `(lhs_spec, rhs_spec, out_spec)`, where each element is a string
of length `n+2`.
precision: Optional. Either ``None``, which means the default precision for
the backend, a ``lax.Precision`` enum value (``Precision.DEFAULT``,
``Precision.HIGH`` or ``Precision.HIGHEST``) or a tuple of two
``lax.Precision`` enums indicating precision of ``lhs``` and ``rhs``.
Returns:
An array containing the unshared convolution result.
In the string case of `dimension_numbers`, each character identifies by
position:
- the batch dimensions in `lhs`, `rhs`, and the output with the character
'N',
- the feature dimensions in `lhs` and the output with the character 'C',
- the input and output feature dimensions in rhs with the characters 'I'
and 'O' respectively, and
- spatial dimension correspondences between `lhs`, `rhs`, and the output using
any distinct characters.
For example, to indicate dimension numbers consistent with the `conv` function
with two spatial dimensions, one could use `('NCHW', 'OIHW', 'NCHW')`. As
another example, to indicate dimension numbers consistent with the TensorFlow
Conv2D operation, one could use `('NHWC', 'HWIO', 'NHWC')`. When using the
latter form of convolution dimension specification, window strides are
associated with spatial dimension character labels according to the order in
which the labels appear in the `rhs_spec` string, so that `window_strides[0]`
is matched with the dimension corresponding to the first character
appearing in rhs_spec that is not `'I'` or `'O'`.
If `dimension_numbers` is `None`, the default is `('NCHW', 'OIHW', 'NCHW')`
(for a 2D convolution).
"""
lhs_array = jnp.asarray(lhs)
c_precision = lax.canonicalize_precision(precision)
lhs_precision = type_cast(
Optional[lax.PrecisionType],
(c_precision[0]
if (isinstance(c_precision, tuple) and len(c_precision) == 2)
else c_precision))
patches = conv_general_dilated_patches(
lhs=lhs_array,
filter_shape=filter_shape,
window_strides=window_strides,
padding=padding,
lhs_dilation=lhs_dilation,
rhs_dilation=rhs_dilation,
dimension_numbers=dimension_numbers,
precision=lhs_precision
)
lhs_spec, rhs_spec, out_spec = convolution.conv_dimension_numbers(
lhs_array.shape, (1, 1) + tuple(filter_shape), dimension_numbers)
lhs_c_dims, rhs_c_dims = [out_spec[1]], [rhs_spec[1]]
lhs_b_dims = out_spec[2:]
rhs_b_dims = rhs_spec[2:]
rhs_b_dims = [rhs_b_dims[i] for i in sorted(range(len(rhs_b_dims)),
key=lambda k: lhs_b_dims[k])]
lhs_b_dims = sorted(lhs_b_dims)
dn = ((lhs_c_dims, rhs_c_dims), (lhs_b_dims, rhs_b_dims))
out = lax.dot_general(patches, rhs, dimension_numbers=dn, precision=precision)
out = jnp.moveaxis(out, (-2, -1), (out_spec[0], out_spec[1]))
return out
```