jax.numpy.ravel¶

jax.numpy.ravel(a, order='C')[source]¶

Return a contiguous flattened array.

LAX-backend implementation of ravel(). Original docstring below.

A 1-D array, containing the elements of the input, is returned. A copy is made only if needed.

As of NumPy 1.10, the returned array will have the same type as the input array. (for example, a masked array will be returned for a masked array input)

Parameters
  • a (array_like) – Input array. The elements in a are read in the order specified by order, and packed as a 1-D array.

  • order ({'C','F', 'A', 'K'}, optional) –

Returns

y – y is an array of the same subtype as a, with shape (a.size,). Note that matrices are special cased for backward compatibility, if a is a matrix, then y is a 1-D ndarray.

Return type

array_like

See also

ndarray.flat()

1-D iterator over an array.

ndarray.flatten()

1-D array copy of the elements of an array in row-major order.

ndarray.reshape()

Change the shape of an array without changing its data.

Notes

In row-major, C-style order, in two dimensions, the row index varies the slowest, and the column index the quickest. This can be generalized to multiple dimensions, where row-major order implies that the index along the first axis varies slowest, and the index along the last quickest. The opposite holds for column-major, Fortran-style index ordering.

When a view is desired in as many cases as possible, arr.reshape(-1) may be preferable.

Examples

It is equivalent to reshape(-1, order=order).

>>> x = np.array([[1, 2, 3], [4, 5, 6]])
>>> np.ravel(x)
array([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6])
>>> x.reshape(-1)
array([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6])
>>> np.ravel(x, order='F')
array([1, 4, 2, 5, 3, 6])

When order is ‘A’, it will preserve the array’s ‘C’ or ‘F’ ordering:

>>> np.ravel(x.T)
array([1, 4, 2, 5, 3, 6])
>>> np.ravel(x.T, order='A')
array([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6])

When order is ‘K’, it will preserve orderings that are neither ‘C’ nor ‘F’, but won’t reverse axes:

>>> a = np.arange(3)[::-1]; a
array([2, 1, 0])
>>> a.ravel(order='C')
array([2, 1, 0])
>>> a.ravel(order='K')
array([2, 1, 0])
>>> a = np.arange(12).reshape(2,3,2).swapaxes(1,2); a
array([[[ 0,  2,  4],
        [ 1,  3,  5]],
       [[ 6,  8, 10],
        [ 7,  9, 11]]])
>>> a.ravel(order='C')
array([ 0,  2,  4,  1,  3,  5,  6,  8, 10,  7,  9, 11])
>>> a.ravel(order='K')
array([ 0,  1,  2,  3,  4,  5,  6,  7,  8,  9, 10, 11])