jax.numpy.extract(condition, arr, *, size=None, fill_value=0)[source]#

Return the elements of an array that satisfy a condition.

JAX implementation of numpy.extract().

  • condition (jax.typing.ArrayLike) – array of conditions. Will be converted to boolean and flattened to 1D.

  • arr (jax.typing.ArrayLike) – array of values to extract. Will be flattened to 1D.

  • size (int | None) – optional static size for output. Must be specified in order for extract to be compatible with JAX transformations like jit() or vmap().

  • fill_value (jax.typing.ArrayLike) – if size is specified, fill padded entries with this value (default: 0).


1D array of extracted entries . If size is specified, the result will have shape (size,) and be right-padded with fill_value. If size is not specified, the output shape will depend on the number of True entries in condition.

Return type:



This function does not require strict shape agreement between condition and arr. If condition.size > arr.size, then condition will be truncated, and if arr.size > condition.size, then arr will be truncated.

See also

jax.numpy.compress(): multi-dimensional version of extract.


Extract values from a 1D array:

>>> x = jnp.array([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6])
>>> mask = (x % 2 == 0)
>>> jnp.extract(mask, x)
Array([2, 4, 6], dtype=int32)

In the simplest case, this is equivalent to boolean indexing:

>>> x[mask]
Array([2, 4, 6], dtype=int32)

For use with JAX transformations, you can pass the size argument to specify a static shape for the output, along with an optional fill_value that defaults to zero:

>>> jnp.extract(mask, x, size=len(x), fill_value=0)
Array([2, 4, 6, 0, 0, 0], dtype=int32)

Notice that unlike with boolean indexing, extract does not require strict agreement between the sizes of the array and condition, and will effectively truncate both to the minimum size:

>>> short_mask = jnp.array([False, True])
>>> jnp.extract(short_mask, x)
Array([2], dtype=int32)
>>> long_mask = jnp.array([True, False, True, False, False, False, False, False])
>>> jnp.extract(long_mask, x)
Array([1, 3], dtype=int32)