# jax.numpy.log10Â¶

jax.numpy.log10(x)[source]Â¶

Return the base 10 logarithm of the input array, element-wise.

LAX-backend implementation of log10(). Original docstring below.

log10(x, /, out=None, *, where=True, casting=â€™same_kindâ€™, order=â€™Kâ€™, dtype=None, subok=True[, signature, extobj])

Parameters

x (array_like) â€“ Input values.

Returns

y â€“ The logarithm to the base 10 of x, element-wise. NaNs are returned where x is negative. This is a scalar if x is a scalar.

Return type

ndarray

emath.log10()

Notes

Logarithm is a multivalued function: for each x there is an infinite number of z such that 10**z = x. The convention is to return the z whose imaginary part lies in [-pi, pi].

For real-valued input data types, log10 always returns real output. For each value that cannot be expressed as a real number or infinity, it yields nan and sets the invalid floating point error flag.

For complex-valued input, log10 is a complex analytical function that has a branch cut [-inf, 0] and is continuous from above on it. log10 handles the floating-point negative zero as an infinitesimal negative number, conforming to the C99 standard.

References

1

M. Abramowitz and I.A. Stegun, â€śHandbook of Mathematical Functionsâ€ť, 10th printing, 1964, pp. 67. http://www.math.sfu.ca/~cbm/aands/

2

Wikipedia, â€śLogarithmâ€ť. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Logarithm

Examples

>>> np.log10([1e-15, -3.])
array([-15.,  nan])