average(a, axis=None, weights=None, returned=False)¶
Compute the weighted average along the specified axis.
LAX-backend implementation of
average(). Original docstring below.
a (array_like) – Array containing data to be averaged. If a is not an array, a conversion is attempted.
axis (None or int or tuple of ints, optional) – Axis or axes along which to average a. The default, axis=None, will average over all of the elements of the input array. If axis is negative it counts from the last to the first axis.
weights (array_like, optional) – An array of weights associated with the values in a. Each value in a contributes to the average according to its associated weight. The weights array can either be 1-D (in which case its length must be the size of a along the given axis) or of the same shape as a. If weights=None, then all data in a are assumed to have a weight equal to one. The 1-D calculation is:
returned (bool, optional) – Default is False. If True, the tuple (average, sum_of_weights) is returned, otherwise only the average is returned. If weights=None, sum_of_weights is equivalent to the number of elements over which the average is taken.
retval, [sum_of_weights] – Return the average along the specified axis. When returned is True, return a tuple with the average as the first element and the sum of the weights as the second element. sum_of_weights is of the same type as retval. The result dtype follows a genereal pattern. If weights is None, the result dtype will be that of a , or
float64if a is integral. Otherwise, if weights is not None and a is non- integral, the result type will be the type of lowest precision capable of representing values of both a and weights. If a happens to be integral, the previous rules still applies but the result dtype will at least be
- Return type
array_type or double
average for masked arrays – useful if your data contains “missing” values
Returns the type that results from applying the numpy type promotion rules to the arguments.
>>> data = np.arange(1, 5) >>> data array([1, 2, 3, 4]) >>> np.average(data) 2.5 >>> np.average(np.arange(1, 11), weights=np.arange(10, 0, -1)) 4.0
>>> data = np.arange(6).reshape((3,2)) >>> data array([[0, 1], [2, 3], [4, 5]]) >>> np.average(data, axis=1, weights=[1./4, 3./4]) array([0.75, 2.75, 4.75]) >>> np.average(data, weights=[1./4, 3./4]) Traceback (most recent call last): ... TypeError: Axis must be specified when shapes of a and weights differ.
>>> a = np.ones(5, dtype=np.float128) >>> w = np.ones(5, dtype=np.complex64) >>> avg = np.average(a, weights=w) >>> print(avg.dtype) complex256